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2010, vol. 44, iss. 1, pp. 37-40
Possible approaches to anorexia nervosa: Suffering for patients, their families, and the society
aClinical Center Kragujevac, Clinic of Psychiatry
bClinical Center Kragujevac, Clinic for Urology, Nephrology and Dialysis
Keywords: anorexia nervosa; eating disorders; patient's family
Anorexia nervosa is a mental disorder characterized by the distorted body image and the tendencies to be slim, even if that implies fasting. Studies conducted over a long period of time have shown that the incidence of anorexia nervosa has increased in the last fifty years, especially in women aged 15 to 24 years. A patient with anorexia nervosa has four times higher risk of dying compared to healthy population of the same age and gender. Anorectic patterns of fasting, extreme workout and avoidance of eating, lead to lower tension caused by the disturbed picture of self. It has consequences on emotional development, somatic health (chronic malnutrition) and in social aspects. Better cooperation with patient's family and their active involvement in the therapy are necessary and these are the preconditions for better results in treatment of eating disorders. Researches have shown that there are enormous costs in social-care system in relation to this mental disorder. Treatment of anorexia nervosa tries to address the three main areas: restoring the person to a healthy weight, treating the psychological disorders related to the illness and reducing or eliminating behaviours or thoughts that originally led to the disordered eating. Further studies should be focused on stigmatization of persons with weight problems.
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article language: Serbian
document type: Book/Journal Review
published in SCIndeks: 08/04/2011

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