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Food and Feed Research
2019, vol. 46, br. 2, str. 199-207
jezik rada: engleski
vrsta rada: originalan članak
objavljeno: 09/01/2020
doi: 10.5937/FFR1902199S
Creative Commons License 4.0
Prirodni aditivi u proizvodnji funkcionalnih jaja
aInstitut za prehrambene tehnologije, Novi Sad
bInstitut za opštu i fizičku hemiju, Beograd
cVojnomedicinska akademija, Institut za higijenu, Beograd

e-adresa: nedeljka.spasevski@fins.uns.ac.rs

Projekat

Istraživanje savremenih biotehnoloških postupaka u proizvodnji hrane za životinje u cilju povećanja konkurentnosti, kvaliteta i bezbednosti hrane (MPNTR - 46012)

Sažetak

Konzumna jaja mogu igrati važnu ulogu kao funkcionalna hrana ako se za njihovu proizvodnju koriste posebno dizajnirane smeše obogaćene o-3 masnim kiselinama, prirodnim pigmentima i vitaminima. Dakle, cilj ove studije bio je istražiti efekte uključivanja koekstrudata na bazi lanenog semena u kombinaciji sa prirodnim pigmentima u ishranu kokoši nosilja i ispitivanje njihovog uticaja na fizička svojstva, boju žumanca i sastav masnih kiselina jaja. Sto dvadeset Lohmann Brown kokoši nosilja hranjeno je na bazi kukuruzno-sojinog obroka uz dodatak koekstrudata lana u različitim proporcijama: 0% (kontrolni K1 i K2), 13,50% (E1) i 22,50% (E2). Kontrolni tretman (K1) sadržao je do 3% masti, bez dodatih pigmenata, dok je kontrolni tretman (K2) sadržao do 5% masti i sintetičke pigmente. Eksperimentalni tretmani E1 i E2 (sa 3% i 5% masti) imali su istu količinu prirodnih pigmenata (1% šargarepe i 0,5% paprike). Kod jaja iz eksperimentalnih tretmana E1 i E2 nisu primećene značajne promene (p>0,05) u karakteristikama kvaliteta jaja u poređenju sa kontrolnim jajima. Poželjna boja žumanca od 12,78 po RYCF (Roche Yolk Colour Fan skala) postignuta je u oba eksperimentalna tretmana E1 i E2. Jaja od kokoški hranjenih sa koekstrudatom lana imala su značajno viši nivo (p<0,001) a-linolenske (6,46% za E1 i 8,87% za E2), dokozaheksaenske (2,01% za E1 i 2,08% za E2) i eikozapentaenske (0,17% za E1 i 0,21% za E2) kiseline nego jaja iz kontrolnih tretmana. Odnos o-6/o-3 od 1,43 i 1,01 u tretmanima E1 i E2, respektivno, bio je značajno niži (p<0,001) od odnosa o-6/o-3 u kontrolnim tretmanima K1 i K2 (9,40 i 8,88, redom). Sadržaj tokoferola u jajima iz eksperimentalnih tretmana E1 i E2 bio je 6 i 8 puta veći nego u jajima iz kontrolnog tretmana K1, kao i 1,8 i 2,3 puta veći nego u jajima iz kontrolnog tretmana K2, respektivno. Dodavanjem koekstrudata lana i prirodnih pigmenata u ishranu kokoši nosilja moguće je proizvesti funkcionalno jaje sa poželjnom bojom žumanca i sastavom masnih kiselina.

Ključne reči

koekstrudat lana; šargarepa; paprika; polinezasićene masne kiseline; odnos o-6/o-3; tokoferoli

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