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2017, vol. 18, iss. 3, pp. 251-255
New therapeutic concepts in post-resuscitation care
aClinical Center Kragujevac, Center for Anesthesia and Resuscitation + University of Kragujevac, Faculty of Medical Sciences
bClinical Center Kragujevac, Clinic for General and Thoracic Surgery + University of Kragujevac, Faculty of Medical Sciences

emailfilipzunic@yahoo.com
Abstract
After the return of spontaneous circulation (ROSC), as a result of global ischaemia due to cardiac arrest followed by reperfusion, a condition develops called post-cardiac arrest syndrome. It manifests, alongside the pathology that caused the cardiac arrest, as a systemic inflammatory response, including severe cardio-circulatory and neurological dysfunction, leading to a fatal outcome. The aim of post-resuscitation care is to reduce the consequences of circulatory arrest, reperfusion, and the inflammatory response of the body on vital organ functions. The basis of post-resuscitation care comprises application of therapeutic hypothermia and early coronary angiography with PCI. However, after the initial enthusiasm, the validity of applying these aggressive methods in all comatose post-cardiac arrest patients was questioned. Currently, instead of therapeutic hypothermia, a strategy of maintaining a targeted body temperature, usually 36 °C, is being applied because there is no clear evidence of benefit for maintaining a lower body temperature in relation to the outcome. Additionally, patients with an obvious cardiac aetiology of cardiac arrest do not undergo early coronarography unless there is a clear indication of coronary artery occlusion. In the post-resuscitation period, the maintenance of adequate ventilation, maintaining levels of oxygen and carbon dioxide in the normal range, haemodynamic stability, control of blood glucose and electrolytes, and epileptic attack prevention are all strongly recommended measures. There is no evidence to suggest that the application of the so-called neuroprotective agents affects the outcome of cardiac arrest.

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article language: English
document type: Review Paper
DOI: 10.1515/SJECR-2016-0037
published in SCIndeks: 14/02/2019

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