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2014, vol. 65, br. 1, str. 7-14
Crepis foetida L. - nova biljka domaćin cikade Hyalesthes obsoletus Signoret 1865 (Hemiptera: Cixiidae), vektora stolbur fitoplazme
Institut za zaštitu bilja i životnu sredinu, Beograd

e-adresakosovac.andrea@gmail.com
Projekat:
Agrobiodiverzitet i korišćenje zemljišta u Srbiji: integrisana procena biodiverziteta ključnih grupa artropoda i biljnih patogena (MPNTR - 43001)

Ključne reči: Hyalesthes obsoletus; Crepis foetida; Srbija; vektor; biljka domaćin
Sažetak
Epidemiologija biljnih bolesti uzrokovanih fitoplazmama direktno je zavisna od biologije insekta vektora i njegove preferentnosti prema biljkama domaćinima. Bolest žutila vinove loze Bois Noir (BN) uzrokovana prisustvom stolbur fitoplazme (16SrXII-A podgrupa, 'Candidatus Phytoplasma solani'), tokom zadnjih 15 godina je postala jedna od ekonomski najznačajnijih bolesti vinove loze u Evropi. Hyalesthes obsoletus Signoret 1865 (Hemiptera: Cixiidae) kao glavni vektor stolbur fitoplazme na vinovu lozu direktno utiče na pojavu i učestalost ove bolesti, kao i na stepen štete u vinogradima. Epidemiološki ciklus BN fitoplazme uslovljen je biljkom domaćinom cikade H. obsoletus koja predstavlja izvor zaraze u vinogradu i od koje direktno zavisi prisustvo patogena u populaciji insekta. Prisustvo stolbur fitoplazme i simptoma BN bolesti registrovano je u svim vinogradarskim regionima Srbije. U cilju utvrđivanja epidemioloških specifičnosti prenošenja stolbur fitoplazme u Srbiji, istraživanja u ovoj studiji su bila usmerena u pravcu determinisanja biljaka domaćina adulta cikade H. obsoletus i njihove genetičke osobenosti. Primarno su analizirane populacije u asocijaciji sa ranije poznatim domaćinima, koprivom (Urtica dioica L.) i poponcem (Convolvulus arvensis L.). Na osnovu sprovedenih terenskih istraživanja utvrđena je nova asocijacija odraslih jedinki H. obsoletus sa biljkom Crepis foetida L. (Asteraceae) na više lokaliteta u istočnoj i južnoj Srbiji. Genetička struktura populacija cikade Hyalesthes obsoletus vezanih za odgovarajuće biljke domaćine je analizirana radi dobijanja jasne slike epidemioloških ciklusa stolbur fitoplazme u gajenim kulturama u Srbiji. Na osnovu analize tri mitohondrijalna genska regiona utvrđena je genetička diferencijacija populacija H. obsoletus u vidu dva genotipa vezanih svojim životnim ciklusom za C. arvensis i U. dioica sa jedne strane, odnosno za novoutvrđenog domaćina C. foetida sa druge strane. Dominacija jednog od ova dva genotipa u prirodi i distribucija biljaka domaćina daju osnov za dalja istraživanja potencijalne vektorske uloge i karakterizacije stolbur fitoplazme koju H. obsoletus prenosi kao i epidemioloških ciklusa vezanih za novu biljku domaćina u Srbiji.
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O članku

jezik rada: srpski
vrsta rada: naučni članak
DOI: 10.5937/zasbilj1401007K
objavljen u SCIndeksu: 21.05.2015.

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