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2018, vol. 65, br. 1, str. 269-291
Ekonomski instrumenti smanjenja emisije gasova sa efektom staklene bašte u poljoprivredi i šumarstvu
aUniverzitet u Beogradu, Poljoprivredni fakultet
bUniverzitet Privredna akademija u Novom Sadu, Fakultet za ekonomiju i inženjerski menadžment - FIMEK

e-adresaradmilo@agrif.bg.ac.rs, prof.drmivanis@gmail.com, rprodanovic@fimek.edu.rs
Sažetak
Značajno smanjenje emisije gasova sa efektom staklene bašte iz poljoprivrede i šumarstva, može se ostvariti jedino uz adekvatne ekonomske instrumente. U radu se analiziraju dosadašnja iskustva u primeni ekonomskih instrumenata u širem i užem smislu, kako u domaćim, tako i međunarodnim okvirirma. Posebna pažnja se pridaje iskustvima u primeni tzv. fleksibilnih mehanizama iz Kjoto protokola. Kao rezultat tih iskustava, u periodu posle 2012. godine, stvoreni su novi instrumenti, pretežno na dobrovoljnoj bazi, što ne uliva poverenje u njihovu delotvornost. Konstatuje se da sistem ekonomskih instrumenata za podsticanje poljoprivredne proizvodnje u Srbiji je u suprotnosti sa ciljevima politike zaštite klime. Predlažu se promene, u smislu ukidanja direktnih davanja po hektaru i broju grla stoke, kao i podsticaji za energetsku efikasnost, upotrebu obnovljivih izvora energije i posebno za organsku proizvodnju. Kaznenim merama se mora, jednom za svagda, prekinuti štetna i opasna praksa paljenja žetvenih ostataka na poljima.
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O članku

jezik rada: engleski
vrsta rada: pregledni članak
DOI: 10.5937/ekoPolj1801269P
objavljen u SCIndeksu: 31.05.2018.
metod recenzije: dvostruko anoniman
Creative Commons License 4.0

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