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Ratarstvo i povrtarstvo
2014, vol. 51, br. 2, str. 110-115
jezik rada: engleski
vrsta rada: izvorni naučni članak
doi:10.5937/ratpov51-6572
Uticaj potapanja semena soje na klijavost i životnu sposobnost u zavisnosti od partije i roka setve
Naučni institut za ratarstvo i povrtarstvo, Novi Sad

e-adresa: zlatica.miladinov@nsseme.com

Projekat

Interdisciplinarni pristup stvaranju novih sorti soje i unapređenju tehnologije gajenja i dorade semena (MPNTR - 31022)

Sažetak

Cilj ovog rada bilo je ispitivanje uticaja partije, rokova setve i rastvora za potapanje na klijavost i životnu sposobnost semena soje. Kao materijal poslužile su tri partije semena soje (partija 1, partija 2, partija 3) stvorene u Institutu za ratarstvo i povrtarstvo u Novom Sadu. Setva je izvršena u tri roka: 10. aprila, 20. maja i 20. juna. Kao rastvori za potapanje korišćeni su KNO3 (1%), H2O2 (0,1%), GA3 (0,075%) i destilovana voda. Rezultati su pokazali da je potapanje semena pre setve (prajmiranje) imalo povoljan uticaj na klijavost i životnu sposobnost semena kod sve tri partije, ali i kod sva tri roka setve. Najbolji efekat ostvaren je kod partije 1 i setvom u trećem roku. Primenom rastvora kalijum-nitrata, odnosno vodonikperoksida postignut je najbolji efekat. Istraživanja su pokazala da čak i potapanje semena u destilovanu vodu, što predstavlja jednostavan, jeftin i ekološki metod, u većini slučajeva dovodi do poboljšanja klijavosti i životne sposobnosti semena soje.

Ključne reči

Reference

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