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Vojno delo
2017, vol. 69, br. 1, str. 329-345
jezik rada: srpski
vrsta rada: neklasifikovan
objavljeno: 27/12/2017
doi: 10.5937/vojdelo1701329K
Amerika u globalnom ratu protiv terorizma i odgovor na 11. septembar
Ministarstvo unutrašnjih poslova Republike Srbije

Sažetak

Teroristički napadi koji su se dogodili 11. septembra 2001. godine imali su odjek širom sveta i označili su početak jednog novog perioda u modernoj istoriji, koji karakteriše nestabilnost, nepredvidivost i preoblikovanje složenih sistema, uključujući i tradicionalne i nove vrste izazova i pretnji od 11. septembra mnogi naučnici i kreatori politike postali su uvereni da se svet suočava sa “novim” terorizmom za razliku od terorizma u prošlosti. Pretpostavlja se da su nakon napada terorista ljudi postali konzervativniji i ređe su donosili rizične odluke kao vid kompenzacije za osećanje nesigurnosti izazvano ovom katastrofom. Smatra se da su vlade i političke elite krive za neprepoznavanje opasnosti od “novog” terorizma 90-ih godina, isto kao što nisu sprečili ni katastrofu 11. septembra 2001. Ovi napadi otkrili su niz slabosti u američkom nacionalnom i obaveštajnom sistemu, a odgovor na terorizam nije imao integrisanu komandu neophodnu za odgovore širokih razmera i posedovanje informacija od suštinskog značaja za odlučivanje. U kontekstu 11. septembra 2001. godine i opasnosti od nastajanja novih pretnji međunarodnoj bezbednosti, transformisana je uloga i zadaci oružanih snaga, a samim tim i način na koji se razmišlja o tome i oblikuje nacionalna i kolektivna odbrana.

Ključne reči

terorizam; 11. septembar 2001; SAD; novi terorizam; međunarodna bezbednost; odbrana

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