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Vojno delo
2017, vol. 69, br. 7, str. 481-492
jezik rada: srpski
vrsta rada: neklasifikovan
objavljeno: 23/08/2018
doi: 10.5937/vojdelo1707481K
Domaći terorizam - pretnja izbliza
Ministarstvo unutrašnjih poslova Republike Srbije

Sažetak

Ovaj rad nastoji da ilustruje koliko je teško, gotovo nemoguće, proniknuti u uzroke domaćeg terorizma koji je danas našao opštu primenu. Neki gledaju na termin 'domaći' kao fenomen koji se razvijao na Zapadu, ili pak njegovu radikalizaciju značajno povezuju sa Zapadom, ali činjenica je da ovi teroristi izazivaju posebnu zabrinutost zbog sve većeg broja zapadnjaka koji spajaju militantne islamske pokrete, i upoznavanje operativaca 'sa društvima koje oni ciljaju'. Teroristi često koriste greške države u slučajevima kada je država ili previše represivna ili čini neefikasne ustupke, kako bi povećale svoju podršku i za razliku od konvencionalne mudrosti, strukturne odrednice transnacionalnog i domaćeg terorizma nisu nužno sinonimi. Zbog potrebe balansiranja između efikasnošću borbe protiv terorizma i liberalnom prihvatljivosti, domaći terorizam u većini slučajeva predstavlja značajnu i ozbiljnu pretnju demokratskim državama. U radu će se takođe razmotriti dinamika i uzroci domaćeg terorizma, sa posebnim akcentom na interakcije između terorističkih organizacija, države i društva. Pravi se paralela i razlika između domaćeg i međunarodnog terorizma, koja umanjuje uzorak nasilja i pokazuje da pojedinac zapravo predstavlja smisao terorizma i najprikladniji model za uzročnu analizu.

Ključne reči

domaći terorizam; država; pojedinac; radikalizacija

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