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TIMS. Acta
2017, vol. 11, br. 2, str. 111-120
jezik rada: srpski
vrsta rada: pregledni članak
doi:10.5937/timsact11-14016

Creative Commons License 4.0
Uticaj fizičkog vežbanja na unapređenje kognitivnih funkcija
aUniverzitet EDUCONS, Fakultet za sport i turizam, Novi Sad
bUniverzitet u Novom Sadu, Filozofski fakultet

e-adresa: stanislava.popov@tims.edu.rs, jakovljev.ivana@yahoo.com

Sažetak

U ovom radu je dat pregled savremenih naučno-istraživačkih studija koje se bave uticajem fizičkog vežbanja na kognitivno funkcionisanje ljudi. Jedan od ciljeva interdisciplinarne neuronauke koja povezuje oblasti psihologije, medicine i sporta jeste otkrivanje mehanizama kojim fizičko vežbanje utiče na unapređenje kognitivnih funkcija u svim uzrastima, naročito u procesu starenja, kada kognitivna efikasnost prirodno opada. Rezultati postojećih istraživanja pokazuju da fizičko vežbanje može proizvesti benefit za kognitivno funkcionisanje tokom čitavog životnog veka i to neposredno, preko fizioloških mehanizama i strukturalnih promena u mozgu, i posredno putem uticaja na raspoloženje i redukciju stresa. Međutim, istraživanja pokazuju da efekti fizičkog vežbanja zavise od intenziteta fizičke aktivnosti - dok umereni intenzitet fizičke aktivnosti ima pozitivan uticaj na kognitivno funkcionisanje, vežbe visokog intenziteta pokazuju obrnuti efekat. Takođe, istraživanja sugerišu da efekat fizičkog vežbanja na kognitivno funkcionisanje zavisi i od vrste fizičke aktivnosti koja se upražnjava. Ukupno gledano, fizičko vežbanje može da proizvede pozitivne efekte u kontekstu različitih kognitivnih procesa, ali istraživanja još uvek ne nude jasan mehanizam tog uticaja. Nedostaju i jasni odgovori na pitanja u kojoj meri se razlikuju efekti različitih fizičkih aktivnosti, i da li su takvi efekti specifični za određene kognitivne procese ili se neki od njih mogu generalizovati na celokupno kognitivno funkcionisanje.

Ključne reči

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