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2012, vol. 46, iss. 1, pp. 19-23
Risk factors for morbidity of hepatitis C in opiate addicts
aPsihijatrijska služba, Zdravstveni centar, Valjevo
bClinical Center Kragujevac, Clinic of Psychiatry + Clinical Center Kragujevac

emailgovas@sbb.rs
Abstract
Objective. The aim of this paper is to present the results of serological testing for HCV infection in opiate addicts on methadone maintenance treatment. Method. Serological testing of subjects who were on treatment at Methadone Center, Psychiatry Service of Health Centre in Valjevo was performed between 01/07/2008 and 30/06/2010. For the purpose of this study we used the appropriate questionnaire (Pompidou questionnaire), designed for psychoactive substance abuse researches. The subjects were divided into two groups according to the way opiates were taken. Comparison was made, according to serological status and other predictors, with subgroup analysis for intravenous abusers. Descriptive analysis and hypothesis testing were used for statistical calculations, with a probability of p = <0.05. Results. Serological testing was performed on 72 male subjects. The subjects were divided as follows: 58 people in Group A (intravenous addicts) and 14 patients in Group B (addicts who had not been taking opiates intravenously). The total of 37 subjects from Group A (63.79%) were diagnosed with positive finding of HCV, whereas the HCV was found in 4 subjects (28.57%) from Group B, which was a statistically significant difference (χ2=4.36, p=0.037<0.05). Subgroup analysis of intravenous addicts showed significant relationships between HCV serological status and the following: the highest degree of education (χ2=7.59; p=0.023<0.05), use of common equipment (χ2=5.35; p=0.020<0.05) and duration of intravenous consumption (χ2=4.25; p=0.039). Conclusion. Intravenous consumption of opiates shows significant association with HCV infection while some behavioral and socio-demographic factors increase the risk.
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article language: Serbian
document type: Professional Paper
DOI: 10.5937/mckg46-2100
published in SCIndeks: 09/07/2012