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Nasleđe
2006, br. 7, str. 127-149
jezik rada: srpski
vrsta rada: članak
objavljeno: 02/06/2007
Beogradski sajam

Sažetak

(ne postoji na srpskom)
Belgrade Fair complex, one of the most significant achievements of the Serbian postwar architecture, represents a harmonized whole of extraordinary space and architectural values. Built between 1954 and 1957, according to the idea of an architectural team, which consisted of architect Milorad Pantović and engineers Branko Žeželj and Milan Krstić. The realization of the new Belgrade fair coincides with the period of the separation of national architecture from socrealistic aspirations and the period of first attempts of approach to the west European architectural flows. Originated from engineer logic, "Pantović architecture" contributed significantly to the modernization of the Belgrade architecture of the postwar period. Inseparability of design procedure from the procedure of architectural formation resulted in final simplicity of style expression of main fair facilities. Originality of solutions resulted from, at that time insufficiently researched aesthetic possibilities to understand the construction as a solid starting point of the architectural assumption. In the time period in which Belgrade fair planning passed from the first idea to the sketches of final design, occurred numerous changes caused by changed demands of investors and conditions of unusual terrain. The main task of the authors was to fit all the technical elements into one harmonious architectural whole, which led to the final erection of the main facility in the furthest part of the triangular terrain and in addition to it, to the erection of the certain number of smaller and bigger facilities. By this solution even the Belgrade panorama was included in the Fair composition and the whole area of the complex was visually enlarged. The row of rhythmically placed cupolas, limited with big glass mirrors was formed by the use of new plastic possibilities of the reinforced concrete. Position of Hall 1 was a visual marker of the entire area, according to which all the other facilities of the complex were afterwards harmonized. The original disposition of Hall 2 blocked Hall 1, so this problem was solved by its parallel placement in relation to Vojvode Mišića Boulevard. Hall 3 was placed in the same line. The complex of Belgrade Fair represents testimony of national technical, technological, scientific and creative progress of the society at the end of 50s and beginning of 60s of the 20th century. The readiness for inclusion of national architectural experience in modern European flows was demonstrated by quality architectural solution and by impressive project of its realization. By means of original structures of the Fair facilities shaped like a cupola, developed from the engineers aesthetics, the highest world standards in the construction of big span and dimensions were achieved. The value of the space concept of the complex is enriched by individuality and creativity of individual solutions of the Fair halls architecture. This extraordinary urbanist and architectural solution represents one of the key benchmarks of the national architectural culture.

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