Article metrics

  • citations in SCindeks: 0
  • citations in CrossRef:0
  • citations in Google Scholar:[=>]
  • visits in previous 30 days:5
  • full-text downloads in 30 days:2
article: 3 from 38  
Back back to result list
FME Transactions
2012, vol. 40, iss. 3, pp. 145-151
article language: English
document type: unclassified
published on: 05/09/2012
Creative Commons License 4.0
Corrosion of cannon 75/27, model 1911. déport, from the collection of the Military Museum in Belgrade
aInstitute Goša, Belgrade
bCentral Institute for Conservation, Belgrade
cUniversity of Belgrade, Faculty of Civil Engineering



Investigation and Optimization of the Technological and Functional Performance of the Ventilation Mill in the Thermal Power Plant Kostolac B (MESTD - 34028)


This paper analyzes the state of the French Cannon 75/27 model 1911. Déport made of steel. The amount of non-corroded materials, the presence of cracks and other defects in the cannon were determined by the radiographic method. The composition of corrosion products were analyzed using diffraction of X-rays (XRD method). In addition to goethite α-FeO(OH), lepidocrocite γ-FeO(OH) and magnetite Fe3O4, the presence of akaganeite was observed in the corrosion products, β-Fe8O8(OH)8Cl1.35 which indicates the accelerated corrosion of the base metal. With the ion chromatography method, the content of chloride, sulphate and other ions in corrosion products were examined. On the basis of conducted experiments, it can be concluded that it is necessary to treat the cannon in appropriate solutions, as quickly as possible, to remove chloride and sulphate ions.


corrosion; akaganeite; XRD method; radiography; ion chromatography


Antony, H., Legrand, L., Marechal, L., Perrin, S., Dillmann, Ph., Chausse, A. (2005) Study of lepidocrocite .gamma.-FeOOH electrochemical reduction in neutral and slightly alkaline solutions at Electrochimica Acta, 51(4), 745-753
Askey, A., Lyon, S.B., Thompson, G.E., Johnson, J.B., Wood, G.C., Cooke, M., Sage, P. (1993) The corrosion of iron and zinc by atmospheric hydrogen chloride. Corrosion Science, 34(2), 233-47
Balasubramaniam, R. (2000) On the corrosion resistance of the Delhi iron pillar. Corrosion Science, 42(12), 2103-2129
Balasubramaniam, R., Kumar, R.A.V. (2000) Characterization of Delhi iron pillar rust by x-ray diffraction, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy and Mossbauer spectroscopy. Corrosion Science, 42(12), 2085-2101
Dillmann, Ph., Mazaudier, F., Hoerle, S. (2004) Advances in understanding atmospheric corrosion of iron, I: Rust characterization of ancient ferrous artifacts exposed to indoor atmospheric corrosion. Corrosion Science, 46(6), 1401-1429
Fletcher, F. (2005) Corrosion of weathering steels. in: ASM Handbook: Corrosion Materials, Ohio, Volume 13B, pp. 28-34
Fonseca, C.M., Bastos, I., Caytuero, A., Saitovitch, B.E. (2007) Rust formed on cannons of XVIII century under two environment conditions. Corrosion Science, 49: 1949-1962
Gilberg, M.R., Seeley, N.J. (1981) The identity of compounds containing chloride ions in marine iron corrosion products: A critical review. Studies in Conservation, 26(2), 50-6
Goehuer, R. (1992) X-Ray Powder Diffraction. in: ASM Handbook, Materials Characterization, Ohio, Volume 10, 681-701
Graedel, T.E., Frankenthal, R.P. (1990) Corrosion mechanisms for iron and low-alloy steels exposed to the atmosphere. Journal of the Electrochemical Society, 137(8), 2385-94
Hoerle, S., Mazaudier, F., Dillmann, Ph., Santarini, G. (2004) Advances in understanding atmospheric corrosion of iron. Part 2. Mechanistic modelling of wet-dry cycles. Corrosion Science, 46(6), 1431-1465
Kamimura, T., Hara, S., Miyuki, H., Yamashita, M., Uchida, H. (2006) Composition and protective ability of rust layer formed on weathering steel exposed to various environments. Corrosion Science, 48(9), 2799-2812
Kergourlay, F., Neff, D., Guilminot, E., Remazeilles, C., Reguer, S., Refait, P., Mirambet, F., Foy, E., Dillmann, P. (2010) Effect of Dechlorination in NaOH of Iron Archaeological Artefacts Immersed in Sea Water. in: Eggert G., Schmutzler B. [ed.] Archaeological Iron Conservation Colloquium, June, Stuttgart, Session 4, 24-26
Labbe, J.P., Ledion, J., Hui, F. (2008) Infrared spectrometry for solid phase analysis: Corrosion rusts. Corrosion Science, 50(5), 1228-1234
Mcfarland, S. (2006) Inspection, data collection and management. in: ASM Handbook - Corrosion: Environments and industries, Ohio, Volume 13C, pp. 1036-1053
Misawa, T., Kyuno, T., Suetaka, W., Shimodaira, S. (1971) The mechanism of atmospheric rusting and the effect of cu and p on the Rust formation of low alloy steels. Corrosion Science, vol. 11, str. 35-48
Misawa, T., Asami, K., Hashimoto, K., Shimodaira, S. (1974) Mechanism of atmospheric rusting and the protective amorphous rust on low alloy steel. Corrosion Science, 14(4), 279-89
Monnier, J., Neff, D., Reguer, S., Dillmann, P., Bellot-Gurlet, L., Leroy, E., Foy, E., Legrand, L., Guillot, I. (2010) A corrosion study of the ferrous medieval reinforcement of the Amiens cathedral. Phase characterization and localization by various microprobes techniques. Corrosion Science, 52(3), 695-710
Nordgren, E. (1862) Conservation of iron artifacts from the USS MONITOR. in: Eggert G., Schmutzler B. [ed.] Archaeological Iron Conservation Colloquium 2010, Stuttgart, 24th to 26th June, Session 4
North, N.A., Pearson, C. (1978) Washing Methods for Chloride Removal from Marine Iron Artifacts. Studies in Conservation, 23(4): 174
North, N.A., Pearson, C. (1977) Thermal Decomposition of FeOCl and Marine Cast Iron Corrosion Products. Studies in Conservation, 22(3): 146
Reguer, S., Mirambet, F., Dooryhee, E., Hodeau, J.L., Dillmann, P., Lagarde, P. (2009) Structural evidence for the desalination of akaganeite in the preservation of iron archaeological objects, using synchrotron X-ray powder diffraction and absorption spectroscopy. Corrosion Science, 51(12), 2795-2802
Roberge, P. (2007) Corrosion Inspection and Monitoring. Hoboken, New Jersey: John Wiley & Sons
Selwyn, L. (2006) Corrosion of metal artefacts in buried environments. in: ASM Handbook, Corrosion: Environments and Industries, Ohio, str. 306-322, Volume 13C
Selwyn, L. (2004) Metals and corrosion: A handbook for the conservation professional. Ottawa, Canada: Canadian Conservation Institute
Selwyn, L., Argyropoulos, V. (2005) Removal of Chloride and Iron Ions from Archaeological Wrought Iron with Sodium Hydroxide and Ethylene diamine Solutions. Studies in Conservation, 50 (2): 81-100
Selwyn, L. (2004) Overview of archaeological iron: The corrosion problem, key factors affecting treatment, and gaps in current knowledge. in: Proceedings of Metal National Museum of Australia ACT October 2004, Canberra
Selwyn, L.S., Mckinnon, W.R., Argyropoulos, V. (2001) Models for Chloride Ion Diffusion in Archaeological Iron. Studies in Conservation, 46(2): 109
Selwyn, L.S., Sirois, P.J., Argyropoulos, V. (1999) The corrosion of excavated archaeological iron with details on weeping and akaganeite. Studies in Conservation, 44(4), 217-232
Stahl, K., Nielsen, K., Jiang, J., Lebech, B., Hanson, J.C., Norby, P., van Lanschot, J. (2003) On the akaganeite crystal structure, phase transformations and possible role in post-excavational corrosion of iron artifacts. Corrosion Science, 45(11), 2563-2575
Tamura, H. (2008) The role of rusts in corrosion and corrosion protection of iron and steel. Corrosion Science, 50(7), 1872-1883
Thickett, D., Lambarth, S., Wyeth, P. (2008) Determining the stability and durability of archaeological materials. in: International Conference on NDT of Art (9th), Jerusalem, Israel, 25-30 May, str. 1-10
Turgoose, S. (1985) The corrosion of archaeological iron during burial and treatment. Studies in Conservation, 30(1), 13-18
Watkinson, D., Lewis, M. (2005) Desiccated storage of chloride-contaminated archaeological iron objects. in: Studies in Conservation, 50 str. 241-252
Watkinson, D. (1983) Degree of mineralization: Its significance for the stability and treatment of excavated ironwork. Studies in Conservation, 28(2), 85-90
Weizhen, O., Chunchun, X. (2005) Studies on Localized Corrosion and Desalination Treatment of Simulated Cast Iron Artifacts. Studies in Conservation, 50 (2): 101-108