članak: 1 od 3  
Back povratak na rezultate
Nasleđe
2012, br. 13, str. 103-109
jezik rada: srpski
neklasifikovan
Hotel 'Astoria'
Beograd

e-adresa: simonida.rkalovic@gmail.com

Sažetak

(ne postoji na srpskom)
Astoria Hotel was built between August 1937 and April 1938, on the lot bounded by Milovana Milovanovića and Mihaila Bogićevića streets, to provide accommodation for Belgrade’s foreign and domestic visitors. It was a joint venture of the hotelier Đura Ninković and the architect Ivan Savković. Savković’s skilful design lent a utilitarian edge to the plan of the hotel, ranking among the five biggest hotels built in interwar Belgrade. Astoria’s architecture, like that of the other hotels built between the two world wars, reflected the spirit of the time, strongly marked by stylistic wavering, where three prevailing trends were academism, the national style and modernism. Until the 1930s Belgrade’s hotel architecture remained within the framework of academism with elements of neo-classicism and neo-baroque, and a presence of a strange combination of academism and modernism known as the 'monumental style'. It should be noted that few architects had the courage to embark unreservedly upon modern concepts even in the 1930s. Astoria and the Majestic, designed by the architect Milan Minić, were the only hotels whose interiors fully met the functional requirements and whose façades displayed a pure form of modernism. Namely, two identical crisp white façade areas of the upper floors are strictly minimalist, with horizontal rows of five simple geometrized windows. In keeping with the entire composition concept, the uppermost façades feature a tall blank area topped with a flat roof. The only indication of the building’s function is the sumptuous canopied entrance decorated with natural stone and signage stating the name of the establishment. Far from being at odds with the ambience of Milovanovićeva Street in style and scale, the hotel blends into it to the point of being barely noticeable. Its monotonous façade may be considered an aesthetic failure because of the very purpose of the building. Namely, hotel architecture is marked, among other things, by the need for façades to possess a subtle visual prominence in order to be able to catch the eye of passers-by and potential guests and entice them to visit this particular building rather than any other. Even though Astoria does not rank among the best of Belgrade’s interwar hotel architecture in terms of aesthetic merit, it was, alongside the Majestic, a step into a completely new area and an encouragement for furthering the principles of modernism in hotel architecture design.

Reference

Đurić-Zamolo, D. (1988) Hoteli i kafane XIX veka u Beogradu. Beograd
Ninković, Đ. (2009) Beogradski hotel Astoria - Case Study - jedna istorija nepoštovanja privatne svojine u Srbiji. Vox iuris, 1(3-4): 245-261
Oto, D.P. (1829) Beograd. u: Stari Beograd iz putopisa i memoara
Vlahović, K. (2002) Šta će biti sa beogradskim hotelima kada se donese zakon o denacionalizaciji - vrede milione, a nude ih za hiljade evra. Glas javnosti, 12. maj (internet izdanje, http://arhiva.glas-javnosti.rs/arhiva/2002/05/12/srpski/DO02051101.shtml, oktobar 2010)