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Zbornik radova Narodnog muzeja - Istorija umetnosti
2004, vol. 17, br. 2, str. 139-156
jezik rada: srpski
Maniristička slika 'Raj' iz Narodnog muzeja u Beogradu - prilog tumačenju i atribuciji


(ne postoji na srpskom)
Collection of foreign art of the National Museum in Belgrade preserves painting Paradise (picture 1). Due to the characteristics of its style and complex composition, and to its dimension, this painting can be considered for a representative example of Netherlands mannerism. This work is not signed or dated. The Museum received it as a work of Dutch master Joachim Antonius Wtewael (Utrecht 1566-1638). The composition includes a wide picture of Paradise with the scene of original sin in the foreground; events from the Creation of Adam to the Expel from Paradise are arranged around (Genesis 1,26-3,24). Characteristics of the style of the picture Paradise point to a period of penetration of so called third, or international mannerism; but its realization is in a strictly northern manner. That is manifested in all elements of composition, in the representation landscapes and figures, in their relations and mutual positions, in the opposition of cold colorings on the distinctively northern figure of Eve, in warm incarnadine and in an antique model for Adam, as well as in choosing and presenting animals all over the painting. An attempt to analyze this work, its artistic and iconographic distinctions, was supposed to show that the attribution to the painter from Utrecht Joachim Wtewael was inadequate, and that, although the style belongs to a variant of Flemish mannerism, we should search for the author in an older generation of artists, especially in the circle of painter from Antwerp, Maarten de Vos (1532-1603), who was one of the most productive draftsmen and painters of figural compositions in Antwerp in the second half of the 16th century, especially in the scenes he painted in Court Chapel (Schlosskapelle) in Celle, Germany. However, this thesis still has to be definitively proved by the physical and chemical analyses, which will show if it is: 1. An unknown Wtewael's work from his early period, and de Vos was his model. 2. Work of an unknown author who was imitating de Vos. 3. Or, an authentic de Vos's work painted in the eight decade of the 16th century which is opinion of the author of this text.


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