članak: 9 od 17  
Back povratak na rezultate
Poljoprivredne aktuelnosti
2007, br. 1-2, str. 81-98
jezik rada: srpski
pregledni članak
Insekti prenosioci fitoplazmi
aInstitut za proučavanje lekovitog bilja 'Dr JosiPančić', Beograd
bInstitut za primenu nauke u poljoprivredi, Beograd
cInstitut za zaštitu bilja i životnu sredinu, Beograd

Sažetak

Insekti iz reda Hemiptera prema klasifikaciji ishrane spadaju u fitofage. Usni aparat im je prilagođen za sisanje biljnih sokova. Imaju nepotpun preobražaj (hemimetabole) te i larve i adulti nanose štete na istovetan način. Poznati su vektori-prenosioci patogenih organizama a među njima i fitoplazmi. Oboljenja biljaka prouzrokovana fitoplazmama najčešće su s letalnim ishodom. Zapažena su na kukuruzu, lekovitom bilju, vinovoj lozi, ukrasnom bilju i drugim biljnim vrstama. Pored toga što je potrebno dokazati da je prisutna fitoplazma na biljnoj vrsti, neophodno je i napomenuti koja vrsta insekata je prenosilac tog patogena. Za uspešnu zaštitu treba utvrditi potpunu koleraciju između biologije biljne vrste, vektora i patogena (fitoplazme). Zaštita se sprovodi suzbijanjem insekata (hemijskim sredstvima, biopesticidima), biološkim merama, gajenjem otpornih biljnih vrsta za insekte, integralnim merama.

Ključne reči

Reference

Bernays, E.A., Chapman, R.F. (1994) Host-plant selection by phytophagous insects. London, itd: Chapman and Hall
Bosco, D., Minucci, C., Boccardo, G., Conti, M. (1997) Differential acquisition of chrysanthemum yellows phytoplasma by three leafhopper species. Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata, 83(2): 219
Bressan, A., Larrue, J., Padieu, B.E. (2006) Patterns of phytoplasma-infected and infective Scaphoideus titanus leafhoppers in vineyards with high incidence of Flavescence doree. Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata, 119 (1): 61
Duduk, B., Ivanović, M.R., Dukić, N., Botti, S., Bertaccini, A. (2003) First report of an Elm Yellows subgroup 16SrV-C phytoplasma infecting grapevine in Serbia. PLANT DISEASE, vol. 87, br. 5, str. 599-599
Duduk, B., Dukić, N., Bulajić, A., Krstić, B., Bertaccini, A. (2006) Stolburfitoplazme na hrizantemi u Srbiji. Pesticidi i fitomedicina, vol. 21, br. 2, str. 107-112
Ebbert, A.M., Jeffres, J.D., Harrison, A.N., Nault, R.L. (2001) Lack of specificity in the interaction between two maize stunting pathogens and field collected Dalbulus leafhoppers. Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata, 101 (1): 49
Harrison, A.N., Griffiths, M.H., Carpio, L.M., Richardson, P.A. (2001) Detection and characterization of an elm yellows (16SrV) group phytoplasma infecting Virginia creeper plants in Southern Florida. Plant Disease, 85, 10, 1. 055-1. 062
Hwang, S.F., Chang, K.F., Howard, R.J., Khadhair, A.H., Gaudiel, R.G., Hiruki, C. (1997) First report of a yellows phytoplasma disease in purple coneflower (Echinacea spp) in Canada. Zeitschrift fur Pflanzen Krankheiten und Pflanzenschutz, 104 182-192
Jiang, H., Siaki, T., Watanabe, H., Kawakita, H., Sato, M. (2005) Possible vector insect of mulberry dwarf phytoplasma, Tautoneura mori Matsumura. Journal of General Plant Pathology, 71(5): 370
Josić, D., Kuzmanović, S., Stojanović, S., Aleksić, G., Starović, M. (2006) Grapevine yelows of Vitis vinifera cv. Plovdina from various vineyards in Serbia. u: 2nd Fems Congress of European Microbiologists Spain, Madrid, July 4-8, Abstracts Book, 15
Kahn, A.J., Srivastava, P., Singh, K.S. (2006) Sensitive detection of a phytoplasma associated with little leaf symptoms in withania somnifera. European Journal of Plant Pathology, 115 (4): 401
Khadhair, A.H., Hwang, S.F., Chang, K.F., Howard, R.J. (1997) Molecular identification of aster yellows phytoplasma in purple coneflower and monarda based on PCR amplification and RFLP analysis of 16S rDNA sequences. Journal of Plant Diseases and Protection, 104, 403-413
Khadhair, A.H., McClay, A., Hwang, S.F., Shah, S. (1999) Aster yellows phytoplasma identified in scentless chamomile by microscopical examinations and molecular characterization. Journal of Phytopathology, 147(3): 149-154
Klokočar-Šmit, Z., Inđić, D., Ružić, S., Jovilić, S., Kostić, M., Stanković, S., Rajković, S. (2005) Strategija primene pesticida u povrću i lekovitom bilju. u: VII savetovanje o zaštiti bilja, Soko Banja, 15-18. novembar, Zbornik rezimea, 36-39
Kostić, M., Pavlović, S., Jevđović, R., Krnjajić, S., Stanković, S. (2004) Bioagensi kantariona. u: Biotehnologija i agroindustrija, povrće, krompir, ukrasne, aromatične i lekovite vrste, VII naučno-stručni simpozijum, Velika Plana, 1-3. novembar, Zbornik izvoda
Kostić, M., Pavlović, S., Jevđović, R., Krnjajić, S., Stanković, S. (2004) Bioagensi žute lincure (Gentiana lutea L). u: VIII naučno-stručni simpozijum Biotehnologija, Agroindustrija povrće, krompir, ukrasne, aromatične i lekovite vrste, Velika Plana, 1-3 novembra, zbornik izvoda, str. 135
Kostić, M.B. (1997) Delovanje etarskih ulja Tanacetum spp. (Asteraceae) na krompirovu zlaticu, Leptinotarsa decemlinaeta Say. Beograd: Poljoprivredni fakultet, doktorska disertacija
Kuzmanović, S., Starović, M., Tošić, M., Stojanović, S., Tomić, T. (2002) Elektronsko-mikroskopska detekcija fitoplazme vinove loze u Srbiji. Zaštita bilja, vol. 53, br. 2-3, str. 75-86
Maixner, M., Reinert, W. (1999) Oncopis alni (Schrank) (Auchenorrhyncha: Cicadellidae) as a vector of the alder yelows phytoplasma of Alnus glutinosa (L.) Gaertn. European Journal of Plant Pathology, 105 (1): 87
Ozbek, E., Miller, S.A., Meulia, T., Hogenhout, S.A. (2003) Infection and replication sites of Spiroplasma kunkelii (Class: Mollicutes) in midgut and Malpighian tubules of the leafhopper Dalbulus maidis. J Invertebr Pathol, 82(3): 167-75
Palermo, S., Arzone, A., Bosco, D. (2001) Vector-pathogen-host plant relationships of chrysanthemum yellows (CY) phytoplasma and the vector leafhoppers Macrosteles quadripunctulatus and Euscelidius variegatus. Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata, 99(3): 347
Pavlović, S., Dražić, S., Stojanović, S., Starović, M., Kostić, M. (2004) First report on phytoplasma disease in purple coneflower in Serbia. u: Conference on Medicinal and Aromatic Plants of Southeast European Countries, 5-8 September Book of Abstracts, 70
Pavlović, S., Tošić, M., Stojanović, S., Starović, M., Kostić, M. (2004) Prvi nalaz fastidioznih bakterija u obolelim biljkama kantariona. u: Savetovanje o lekovitim i aromatičnim biljkama (XXVI) i Dani lekovitog bilja (VIII), Zbornik rezimea, Bajina Bašta, 26-30. septembar, 100-101
Pavlović, S., Starović, M., Živković, S., Kostić, M., Tomić, T. (2004) Crvenilo - raširena pojava na lekovitom bilju. u: Kongres o zaštiti bilja, (V), Zbornik rezimea, Zlatibor, 22-26.novembar, 160-161
Popović, Z., Kostić, M., Popović, S., Skorić, S. (2006) Bioactivities of essential oils from basil and sage to Sitophilus oryzae L. Biotechnology and Biotechnology Equipment, 20 (1), str. 36-40
Pribalova, J., Špak, J., Franova, J., Petrzik, K. (2001) Association of aster yellows subgroup 16SrI-B phytoplasmas with a disease of Rehmannia glutinosa var. purpurea. Plant Pathology, 50(6): 776
Puri, H.S. (1999) Neem: The divine tree azadirachta indica. u: Roland Hardman (ur.) Medicinal and Aromatic Plants: Industrial Profiles, Amsterdam: Harwood Academic Publishers, 6, str. 121-129
Ristić, M.S., Kostić, M.B., Jevđović, R. (2003) O rezidualnosti l-cihalotrina na lekovitom bilju. Lekovite sirovine, br. 23, str. 43-50
Sekulić, D., Jovanović, Z., Kostić, M., Sekulović, D. (1995) Preliminary testing of plant extracts for acaricide activity. Pharmazie, 50(12): 835
Sorensen, J.T., Campbell, B.C., Gill, R.J., Steffen-Campbell, J.D. (1995) Non-monophyly of Auchenorrhyncha ('Homoptera'), based upon 18S rDNA phylogeny: Eco-evolutionary and cladistic implications within pre-Heteropterodea Hemiptera (S. L) and a proposal for new monophyletic suborders. Pan-Pacific Entomol, 71, str. 31-60
Stanković, S., Zabel, A., Kostić, M., Manojlović, B., Rajković, S. (2004) Colorado potato beetle [Leptinotarsa decemlineata (Say)] resistance to organophosphates and carbamates in Serbia. JOURNAL OF PEST SCIENCE, vol. 77, br. 1, str. 11-15
Stanković, S., Kostić, M., Rahović, D. (2005) Suzbijanje jabukine pepeljaste vaši (Dysaphis plantaginea) primenom acetamiprida. Poljoprivredne aktuelnosti, br. 1-2, str. 71-80
Stević, T., Soković, M., Kostić, M., Duduk, B., Pljevljakušić, D., Radanović, D. (2004) Zaštita kantariona (Hypericum perforatum L) od infekcije Colletotrichum gloeosporoides. u: V kongres o zaštiti bilja, Zlatibor, 22-26.novembar, Zbornik rezimea, 192-193
Tanne, E., Boudon-Padieu, E., Clair, D., Davidovich, M., Melamed, S., Klein, M. (2001) Detection of phytoplasma by polymerase chain reaction of insect feeding medium and its use in determining vectoring ability. Phytopathology, 91(8): 741-746
Weintraub, P.G., Beanland, L. (2006) Insect vectors of phytoplasmas. Annual Review of Entomology, 51: 91-111
Zabel, A., Manojlović, B., Rajković, S., Stanković, S., Kostić, M. (2002) Effect of neem extract on Lymantria dispar L. (Lepidoptera : Lymantriidae) and Leptinotarsa decemlineata Say. (Coleoptera : Chrysomelidae). ANZEIGER FUR SCHADLINGSKUNDE-JOURNAL OF PEST SCIENCE, vol. 75, br. 1, str. 19-25
Zhong, B., Shen, Y. (2004) Accumulation of pathogenesis-related type-5 like proteins in phytoplasma-infected garland chrysanthemum Chrysanthemum coronarium. Acta Biochim Biophys Sin, 36(11): 773-9