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Medicinski pregled
2010, vol. 63, br. 9-10, str. 701-704
jezik rada: srpski
vrsta rada: pregledni članak
doi:10.2298/MPNS1010701Z


Merenje kvaliteta života bolesnika sa kardiovaskularnim oboljenjima
aUniverzitet u Beogradu, Medicinski fakultet, KBC 'Bežanijska kosa'
bUniverzitet u Nišu, Medicinski fakultet, Institut za prevenciju, lečenje i rehabilitaciju reumatičkih i kardioloških bolesti 'Niška Banja' - Niška Banja

e-adresa: majadare@EUnet.rs

Sažetak

Poslednjih godina kvalitet života predstavlja veoma aktuelan vid posmatranja ishoda oboljenja i uspešnosti terapijske procedure. On je ujedno i nov instrument za merenje celokupnog zdravstvenog stanja ne samo pojedinca već i određene populacije. Svetska zdravstvena organizacija je 1993. godine, u svom proglasu Vizija zdravlja za sve definisala ideal zdravlja kao Add years to life ali i Add life to years, ukazujući da nije važno više samo trajanje života, nego i kvalitet života. Dužina života bolesnika sa kardiovaskularnim oboljenjima je produžena, ali je i dalje naučni izazov kako poboljšati kvalitet života bolesnika. Kvalitet života se može definisati kao percepcija bolesnika o uticaju bolesti i odgovarajuće terapije na njihovu fizičku i radnu sposobnost, psihološko stanje, socijalnu komunikaciju i somatsko zdravlje. Kvalitet života se može procenjivati pomoću opštih zdravstvenih upitnika za procenu kvaliteta života i upitnika specifičnim za određena oboljenja. Jedan od najpouzdanijih jeste upitnik SF-36, čija je pouzdanost je potvrđena u mnogobrojnim istraživanjima kvaliteta života kardioloških bolesnika. U našoj zemlji održano je nekoliko vrlo zapaženih skupova na temu kvaliteta života kardiovaskularnih bolesnika. Izbor upitnika sa visokom pouzdanošću najvažniji je korak u pravilnoj organizaciji procene kvaliteta života.

Ključne reči

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