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Nasleđe
2010, br. 11, str. 137-146
jezik rada: srpski
vrsta rada: neklasifikovan

Tragovi rezidencijalnih zdanja srednjovekovnog Beograda
Afilijacija nije data

Sažetak

(ne postoji na srpskom)
The search for knowledge about medieval Belgrade, especially about its lost urban structures, has been going on for decades. As it has been focused on the area of the present-day Fortress of Belgrade, the former core of the city, our scanty knowledge of medieval Belgrade's suburbia is the result of small-scale rescue excavations and chance discoveries. Destructive wars and it is not far-fetched to say, a succession of civilizations, involved the annihilation of older structures and new construction as a recurrent phenomenon in Belgrade's urban development. After the Ottoman conquest, the medieval urban structure was replaced by an oriental şeher, and after 1717 on its site began to grow a fortified Baroque town. What has survived all those transformations predicated on the obliteration of whatever had been there before, thus depriving modern Belgrade of its older built heritage are the city fortifications, because they were necessary for maintaining control over this strategically important point. Even they were extended and reshaped in order to keep pace with technological advances in warfare. The archaeological excavations have been focused on discovering remains of medieval fortifications and identifying the medieval town layout. Contrary to a quite reliably established town matrix, the structure of the fortified settlement remains virtually unknown. The relatively small excavated area in the Upper Town has yielded no trace of medieval dwellings or of any more monumental residential buildings. In the Lower Town, where much larger areas have been excavated, the results are significant but insufficient for creating a reliable picture of the medieval urban structure. The only residential building discovered so far is the remains of the metropolitan's palace, which suggests that there might have been more within the medieval town core. Other excavated areas have yielded evidence of modest timber houses. Given the limited possibilities for further excavation, every find however fragmentary, is important. Especially important among such circumstantial evidence are fragments of architectural ornamentation. During conservation and restoration works, reused fragments of medieval architectural decoration were discovered on two sites: one in the complex of Zindan Gate, the others built into the walls of the fore-space of Nebojša Tower.

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