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1999, iss. 2, pp. 53-72
article language: Serbian
document type: unclassified
published on: 22/09/2009
The Sava promenade and the Great stairway


Adaptation of the Kalemegdan Park in Belgrade begun already in 1867, after the fortress of Belgrade has been ceded to Prince Mihailo Obrenovic. A delineation of the Sava promenade within that Park was initiated in 1880s. Jelisaveta Nacic, the first woman architect in Serbia, designed a representative 'Little stairway' with fountain in baroque style, which was constructed in the (list decade of XX century in the axis of Sava alley, at the Park entrance in Pariska street. Before the Balkan Wars have begun, the architect Nacic created a promenade baluster facing the Sava, with vases in the Art Nouveau spirit placed on the artillcial stone postaments. However the baluster was demolished during the First World War. After the Upper Town was handed over to the county of Belgrade, the work on the arrangement and opening of that space for visitors has been continued. The most important endeavor was arrangement of the Sava alley. Already in 1927, the architect Aleksandar Krstic accomplished a project for the Great stairway and the layout of terraces toward Ravelin and Kralj-kapija (King gate). He treated the stairway in classic manner, with three stairway branches and two resting platforms. The terraces were conceived as the flat two-level platform supported by the irregular wall facing Sava. In 1928, the architect Georgije Kovaljevski designed the Main project for the stairways and terraces, having accepted the principal idea of architect Krstic, although with minor changes. Namely, the stairway resting platforms were enlarged into vantagepoints of circular shape. Also, he designed a tower like broadening with stairway around its perimeter in the corner of the upper terrace. The central motive on the upper terrace should have been a fountain, which however was not constructed. Another fountain was conceived in the supporting wall between the lower and upper terrace, in a semicircular niche. Kovaljevski designed and accomplished the stairway following the Romanesque spirit and Byzantine-Serbian tradition. The stairway baluster was demolished during bombardment in 1941. It was reconstructed in 1988. Already in 1933, the architect elpanbajev completed a project for the reconstruction of terraces. His reconstruction was based upon the existing gabarite; however, he had lowered the upper terrace level for about 2,00 m and extended it for 9,00 m toward the stairway. Instead of the corner tower - vantagepoint, a diagonal stairway was formed. A smaller tower, which was not constructed, has been conceived to stand at the meeting point of the upper and lower terrace. A circular widening - vantagepoint was constructed in its place. A harmony with surroundings was achieved by the noted technical solution, by lowering the ground level and opening a view on fortification. Therefore this solution was much better from those of the architects Krstic and Kovaljevski marked by domineering elevated terrace and 6,00 m high fountain, which obstructed the view on fortification. Although eyecatching, their solulin was overemphasized in relation to the surroundings and monumental values of the fortress of Belgrade.


Milanović, H. (1999) Prilog istraživanju nastanka i razvoja parka Kalemegdan. Nasleđe, br. 2, str. 41-52
Šarenac, D. (1990) Parkovi, ljudi, događaji - beogradska skulptura u slobodnom prostoru. Beograd