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Vojnosanitetski pregled
2013, vol. 70, br. 6, str. 548-554
jezik rada: engleski
vrsta rada: izvorni naučni članak
doi:10.2298/VSP1306548D


Ponašanje i navike u ishrani i fizičkoj aktivnosti kod beogradskih adolescenata
Univerzitet u Beogradu, Fakultet sporta i fizičkog vaspitanja

e-adresa: marina.nikic@fsfv.bg.ac.rs

Projekat

Efekti primenjene fizičke aktivnosti na lokomotorni, metabolički, psiho-socijalni i vaspitni status populacije R Srbije (MPNTR - 47015)

Sažetak

Uvod/Cilj. Pravilna ishrana i redovna fizička aktivnost su suštinski delovi zdravlja adolescenata. Cilj ovog istraživanja bio je da se ocene ponašanje i navike u ishrani i fizičkoj aktivnosti, znanje o hrani i ishrani, verovanje i samoefikasnost u vezi sa ishranom i zdravljem beogradskih adolescenata. Metode. Primenjen je dijetni upitnik za samoprocenu, prethodno konstruisan i proveren na populaciji adolescenata u Italiji. Mi smo ocenili navike u ishrani, fizičku aktivnost, značenje zdrave i nezdrave hrane i dijetnih navika, samoefikasnost, barijere koje utiču na izbor hrane, bezbednost hrane i ishrane i indeks telesne mase (BMI) adolescenata. Ispitanike je činilo 707 adolescenata, uzrasta 15,8 ± 2 godina koji pohađaju prvi razred različitih srednjih škola u Beogradu. Rezultati. Svega 27% adolescenata imalo je zadovoljavajuće navike u ishrani, 31% vrlo aktivan stil života, 7% dobro znanje o ishrani i 6%-12% zadovoljavajuće znanje o bezbednosti hrane i higijenske navike. Zaključak. Zabeležena su značajna odstupanja od preporuka za zdrav stil života u navikama, znanju i praksi adolescenata, te je potrebno razviti i organizovati programe promocije zdravog ponašanja prilagođenog potrebama adolescenata.

Ključne reči

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