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Back povratak na rezultate
2001, br. 7, str. 19-23
Brief insight into historical urban transformations: Design of public spaces vs. myth, ritual and ideology
(naslov ne postoji na srpskom)
Univerzitet u Beogradu, Arhitektonski fakultet
Sažetak
(ne postoji na srpskom)
Since ancient times the city and its public spaces have been used in different ways: as a stage for all social processes, as an expression of culture and urban needs, and, above all, as a manifestation of power - divine, human or economic. According to this role, urban patterns, urban elements and buildings, used as urban scenery, were influenced by their historical, mythological and ideological background necessary for their sustainability and social acceptance. Today, the city is loosing its traditional values and the lack of urban identity brings new problems to the city life and to its physical structure. Inhabitants usually reject urban spaces that do not respond to their rational and irrational demands and do not fit into inherited archetypes. Thus, the main purpose of this paper is to explain the relation between urban environment (especially public places - squares, main streets and buildings around them) and its mythological and ideological base incorporated in ritual behavior. Different examples (especially from central Europe) could help us to examine urban design and transformations through various historical periods, identify urban patterns, position and shape of public spaces and surrounding buildings, and to determine morphological elements - their identity, rhythm, directions and materialization. At the same time, the historical connection of urban space, its activities and ritual values for the community will be established and used as a standpoint for a new cognitive process. Gathered in unique synthesis, this 'sustainable circle' could be used as a method for planning and architectural practice. Its application could enable us to review and re-evaluate the inherited urban space and its built environment, improve its activation according to society's objective needs and ensure its integration into psychological codes of mankind. Consequently, urban space will keep its continuity and determine its future - the future within a sustainable frame that does not exclude people, their memories and individualities.
Reference
Alexander, C., Ishikawa, S., Silverstein, M. (1977) A pattern language: Towns, buildings, construction. Oxford, itd: Oxford University Press
Cullen, G. (1961) Townscape. New York: Van Nostrand-Reinhold
Eliade, M. (1959) Le mythe de Péternelretour, archétypes et répétitions. Paris: Gallimard
Jacobs, J. (1961) The death and life of great American cities. New York: Vintage
Krier, R. (1979) Urban space. London: Academy Editions
Lozano, E. (1990) Community designed the culture of cities. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press
Lynch, K. (1960) The image of the city. Cambridge, Massachusetts: Massachusetts Institute of Technology Press / MIT Press
Sim, D. (1982) Change in the city center. Aldershot: Gower
 

O članku

jezik rada: engleski
vrsta rada: članak
objavljen u SCIndeksu: 01.12.2008.