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Medicinski pregled
2003, vol. 56, br. 11-12, str. 511-515
jezik rada: srpski
vrsta rada: izvorni naučni članak
objavljeno: 02/06/2007
doi: 10.2298/MPNS0312511M
Faktori rizika za nastanak hepatitis C virusne infekcije
Klinički centar Kragujevac, Klinika za infektivne bolesti

Sažetak

Infekcija virusom hepatitisa C predstavlja jedan od velikih javno-zdravstvenih problema u svetu. Procenjuje se da je globalna incidencija ove infekcije 3% a broj hroničnih nosilaca hepatitis C virusa širom sveta procenjuje se na oko 150-300 miliona. U razvijenim zemljama zapada infekcija ovim virusom je odgovorna za oko 20% akutnih, odnosno 70% hroničnih oblika hepatitisa. Virus hepatitisa C smatra se odgovornim za nastanak oko 40% svih ciroza jetre, odnosno 60% hepatocelularnih karcinoma. Ove činjenice ukazuju da je virus hepatitisa C danas svakako najznačajniji hepatotropni virus. Ispitivanjem je obuhvaćeno 100 bolesnika kod kojih smo istraživali faktore rizika za nastanak hepatitis C virusne infekcije. Najčešći faktori rizika bili su: intravenska upotreba droge (37%), transfuzija krvi i derivata krvi (13%), promiskuitet (8%), seksualni kontakt sa osobom koja je nosilac hepatitis C virusa (5%). U manjem procentu se pojavljuju hronična hemodijaliza, tetovaža i intranazalno ušmrkivanje kokaina kao faktori rizika. Bez faktora rizika bilo je 23% bolesnika.

Ključne reči

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