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Archive of Oncology
2010, vol. 18, iss. 4, pp. 115-119
article language: English
document type: Paper
published on: 22/02/2011
doi: 10.2298/AOO1004115K
Famous medical doctors of Sombor in its history until the World War II
University of Novi Sad, Faculty of Medicine, Department of General Education Subjects

Abstract

Sombor is a town in the northwest of Bačka, an area rich in culture. It was founded as a settlement in the 5th and the 6th centuries. There are many theories about the origins and name of the town. From the beginnings of the city and in the period when the town was under the Turks, the development of health care was poor. Especially during the period of the Turkish Empire, there was no cultural development in Serbian people. Educated doctors existed only in some western countries and the average lifetime of people in Sombor was 20-25 years. At the end of the 17th century, Sombor was freed from the Turks. Its first 'improvised' hospital with surgeons, Sombor obtained at the beginning of the 18th century. On February 17, 1749, Sombor became a free royal town. Dr. Petar Miloradović arrived in 1770 as the first doctor. In 1778, the town got its first physician, Martin Peter Karl. The next city physician, Dr. Matthias Lotz introduced a new health code of conduct for the population, and Dr. Vasilije Maksimović introduced new rules in the conduct and organization of health care workers. The second half of the 19th century was marked by two doctors of Sombor, a physician, Dr. Đorđe Maksimović, who was the main initiator of the construction of the first Sombor hospital in 1880, and Dr. Milan Jovanović-Batut, who published a number of health-enlightenment magazines. Dr. Radivoj Simonović came to Sombor in 1896. The doctors' influence to life and development of Sombor was very important, and without them Sombor would not be the town it is today.

Keywords

History of Medicine; History, 17th Century; History, 18th Century; History, 19th Century; History, 20thCentury; Physicians; Famous Persons; Health Facilities; Serbia Non MeSH Sombor

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