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2019, vol. 58, br. 4, str. 131-136
Sindrom sagorevanja na poslu kod lekara
aPublic Health Institute Niš, Center for Disease Control and Prevention
bPublic Health Institute Niš, Center for Disease Control and Prevention + Univerzitet u Nišu, Medicinski fakultet
cUniverzitet u Nišu, Medicinski fakultet + Public Health Institute, Department of Biostatistics, Niš

e-adresastojanovic.markes@gmail.com
Sažetak
Sindrom sagorevanja na poslu ("burnout sindrom") je poslednjih decenija veoma aktuelan problem, kako u svetu tako i u našoj zemlji. Definisan je kao postepen gubitak motivacije i emocionalna istrošenost, koja nastaje na radnom mestu usled posebnih zahteva radnog mesta, individualnih osobina i očekivanja samog radnika, kao i rezultata rada koji nisu u skladu sa uloženim naporima. Posledice toga su emocionalna iscrpljenost, depersonalizacija i doživljaj umanjenog ličnog postignuća kod radnika. Ovaj sindrom je karakterističan kod humanističkih i uslužnih zanimanja. Sindrom sagorevanja na poslu kod lekara je posebno karakterističan zbog specifičnosti posla kojim se oni bave i potencijalne neusklađenosti zahteva i ostvarenog učinka na poslu. Najčešće posledice ovog sindroma kod lekara su hroničan umor, poremećaj kognitivnih funkcija, poremećaj spavanja, depresija, a od somatskih simptoma se češće javljaju glavobolja, bolovi u stomaku, aritmije, tahikardija, hipertenzija i dr. Sindrom sagorevanja na poslu se, prema rezultatima istaživanja, najčešće javlja kod lekara mlađih od 35 godina, koji imaju manje radnog iskustva i rade više od 40 sati nedeljno, koji nisu u braku i nemaju dece. Prevalencija ovog sindroma kod žena lekara je veća, kao i kod lekara koji rade na odeljenjima intenzivne nege i hirurgije. Neophodna je primarna i sekundarna prevencija: organizacione promene u kolektivu koje dovode do bolje preraspodele poslova u kolektivu i poboljšanja međuljudskih odnosa, kao i sistematski rad na otklanjaju i ublažavanju simptoma ovog sindroma kod lekara.
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O članku

jezik rada: engleski
vrsta rada: pregledni članak
DOI: 10.5633/amm.2019.0420_NE_RADI
objavljen u SCIndeksu: 24.02.2020.
metod recenzije: dvostruko anoniman
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