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PONS - medicinski časopis
2012, vol. 9, br. 1, str. 17-22
jezik rada: srpski
vrsta rada: pregledni članak
objavljeno: 08/06/2012
doi: 10.5937/pons1201017O
Modeli profesionalne rehabilitacije nakon traumatske povrede mozga
Univerzitet u Beogradu, Fakultet za specijalnu edukaciju i rehabilitaciju

e-adresa: gordanaodovic@gmail.com

Sažetak

Cilj ovog rada je identifikacija glavnih modela profesionalne rehabilitacije nakon traumatske povrede mozga koji su opisani u literaturi, opis njihovih karakteristika i identifikacija sličnosti i razlika među tim modelima. Traumatska povreda mozga može da prouzrokuje niz fizičkih, kognitivnih, emocionalnih i bihejvioralnih efekata, a ishod može da varira od potpunog oporavka do trajnog invaliditeta ili smrti. Zbog svoje kompleksnosti rehabilitacija osoba nakon traumatske povrede mozga podrazumeva kontinuiranu brigu od akutne faze do ponovne integracije u društvenu zajednicu. Rehabilitacija se može podeliti na ranu rehabilitaciju kao i medicinsku i profesionalnu rehabilitaciju. Tokom poslednje tri decenije razvijeni su različiti tipovi programa rehabilitacije nakon traumatske povrede mozga, a to su: tradicionalni dnevni program, holistički, podržano zapošljavanje, rezidentalni i bihejvioralni. Na osnovu pretraživanja baze podataka Medline pregledana je novija literatura o rehabilitaciji nakon traumatske povrede mozga koja se odnosi na savremene koncepte profesionalne rehabilitacije kao strategije za brži i uspešniji povratak na posao. Kao dva glavna modela profesionalne rehabilitacije nakon traumatske povrede mozga izdvojeni su holistički program rehabilitacije i program podržanog zapošljavanja. S obzirom da proces profesionalne rehabilitacije prolazi kroz određene faze tako je poređenje ovih modela izvršeno prema tri globalne oblasti: izbor za ulazak u program i procena sposobnosti, intervencije u periodu pred zapošljavanje i podrška, intervencije u periodu posle zapošljavanja i podrška.

Ključne reči

povrede mozga; rehabilitacija, vokalna; holističko zdravlje; evaluacija radnog kapaciteta; zapošljavanje, stimulisano

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