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Praxis medica
2019, vol. 48, br. 3-4, str. 5-12
jezik rada: srpski
vrsta rada: originalan članak
objavljeno: 06/06/2020
doi: 10.5937/pramed1904005M
Creative Commons License 4.0
Procena statusa rizika od bolesti povezanih sa prekomernom uhranjenosti kod studenata Univerziteta u Prištini - Kosovska Mitrovica
Zavod za zaštitu zdravlja studenata, Kosovska Mitrovica + Univerzitet u Prištini sa privremenim sedištem u Kosovskoj Mitrovici, Medicinski fakultet

Sažetak

Uvod: Gojaznost je svrstana među sedam vodećih faktora rizika za nastanak najčešćih nezaraznih bolesti. Epidemijski model povećanja prevalencije gojaznosti prisutan je i kod studentske populacije. Prepoznavanje osobe sa prekomernom težinom koja je u statusu povećanog relativnog rizika a kod koje se još uvek nisu razvili klinički manifestni kardiometabolički poremećaji je poslednji trenutak za efikasan program prevencije i lečenja gojaznosti. Cilj rada: Odrediti prevalenciju i status relativnog rizika od razvoja bolesti povezanih sa prekomernom uhranjenosti među studentima Univerziteta u Prištini - Kosovska Mitrovica. Metode rada: Procena stepena relativnog rizika od razvoja bolesti povezanih sa prekomernom uhranjenosti rađena je na osnovu izmerenog indeksa telesne mase (BMI-Body mass index), obima struka (WC - Waist circumference) i kombinovano BMI sa WC. Rezultati: U ispitivanju je učestvovalo ukupno 1686 studenta (44,4% muškog pola i 55,6% ženskog pola). Srednje vrednosti telesne težine, BMI i WC bile su ispod vrednosti korišćenih tačaka preseka. Status povećanog relativnog rizika od pridruženih bolesti je imalo: prema BMI - 20,2% studenata (27,8% muškaraca i 14,1% žena); prema WC - 12,6% (12,2% muškaraca i 12,9% žena) i prema BMI sa WC - 20,2% (27,8% muškaraca i 14,1% žena). Postoji značajna razlika u stopi prevalencije koji su u statusu visokog i veoma visokog nivoa rizika u zavisnosti od metode procene (samo prema BMI i prema BMI sa WC). Zaključak: Utvrđena je visoka stopa prevalencije predgojaznosti i gojaznosti, opšte i abdominalne među studentima Univerziteta u Prištini - Kosovska Mitrovica. Oni se mogu svrstati u grupu studenata sa statusom povećanog relativnog rizika od nastanka i razvoja bolesti povezanih sa prekomernom uhranjenosti. Savetovalište za ishranu i dijetetiku u okviru Studentskog centra prema njima mora intenzivirati mere prevencije i eventualnog lečenja gojaznosti.

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