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Medicinski pregled
2019, vol. 72, br. 9-10, str. 272-279
jezik rada: engleski
vrsta rada: izvorni naučni članak
objavljeno: 04/06/2020
doi: 10.2298/MPNS1910272S
Uticaj različitih tipova treninga na gubitak telesne težine
aUniverzitet u Novom Sadu, Medicinski fakultet, Katedra za fiziologiju
bUniverzitet u Novom Sadu, Medicinski fakultet, Institut za zdravstvenu zaštitu dece i omladine
cUniverzitet u Novom Sadu, Medicinski fakultet

e-adresa: danijel.slavic@mf.uns.ac.rs

Sažetak

Uvod. Razlika između 24-časovnog dnevnog energetskog unosa i ukupne dnevne energetske potrošnje određuje da li će doći do porasta u telesnoj težini ili njenog smanjenja. Najveći udeo u dnevnoj potrošnji čini energetska potrošnja mirovanja koja zavisi od mnogo različitih faktora ali takođe i od nivoa fizičke aktivnosti. Cilj ovog rada bio je da se odrede vrednosti antropometrijskih i metaboličkih parametara sportista na različitom tipu treninga, uporede dobijeni rezultati i ispita da li postoje statistički značajne razlike između njih. Materijal i metode. Ispitivanje je obuhvatilo ukupno 42 mladih sportista muškog pola podeljenih u dve grupe. Prvu grupu je činio 21 sportista pretežno na aerobnom tipu treninga, a drugu grupu je činio 21 sportista na anaerobnom tipu treninga. Svim ispitanicima su mereni antropometrijski parametri i energetska potrošnja mirovanja kao metabolički parametar metodom indirektne kalorimetrije. Dobijeni rezultati su statistički obrađeni i upoređene su razlike u parametrima između dve grupe sportista. Rezultati. Prilikom obrade antropometrijskih i metaboličkih parametara utvrđeno je da postoje statistički značajne razlike u telesnoj masi, količini bezmasne i mišićne mase, indeksu telesne mase kao i u relativnim metaboličkim pokazateljima dve grupe ispitanika. Zaključak. Najveći uticaj na energetsku potrošnju mirovanja ima procenat telesne mase koji ne sadrži masti, tj. bezmasna masa tela. Stopa metaboličke aktivnosti ovog telesnog kompartmana je veća kod sportista na aerobnom u odnosu na sportiste na anaerobnom tipu treninga.

Ključne reči

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