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Medicinski pregled
2019, vol. 72, br. 5-6, str. 154-159
jezik rada: engleski
vrsta rada: izvorni naučni članak
objavljeno: 03/06/2020
doi: 10.2298/MPNS1906154D
Poznavanje i stav sportista i trenera o zabranjenim doping supstancijama
aUniverzitet u Novom Sadu, Medicinski fakultet, Katedra za fiziologiju + Univerzitet u Novom Sadu, Medicinski fakultet
bUniverzitet u Novom Sadu, Medicinski fakultet
cUniverzitet u Novom Sadu, Medicinski fakultet, Katedra za fiziologiju + University of Novi Sad, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Sports Medicine, Novi Sad + University of Novi Sad, Faculty of Sport and Physical Education, Novi Sad

e-adresa: miodrag.drapsin@mf.uns.ac.rs

Sažetak

Uvod. Doping predstavlja konzumiranje stranih supstancija ili supstancija koje organizam normalno sadrži, s ciljem da se na veštački način stimulišu takmičarske sposobnosti sportista, što je u suprotnosti sa sportskom etikom i fizičkim i mentalnim integritetom sportista. Svetska anti doping agencija je 2006. godine napravila listu nedozvoljenih supstancija i zabranila njhovu primenu u različitim sportovima. Cilj ovog rada bio je da se utvrdi nivo znanja i stavovi sportista i trenera o zloupotrebi zabranjenih i doping supstancija. Materijal i metode. Prospektivnom studijom preseka obuhvaćeno je 164 sportista i 35 trenera, od koji je bilo 84 (42,2%) osobe ženskog i 115 (57,8%) muškog pola, prosečne starosti 24,01 ± 6,429 godina. U studiju su bili uključeni glavni, pomoćni i kondicioni treneri koji imaju bar 1 godinu radnog iskustva kao i sportisti koji treniraju bar pet sati nedeljno. Svi ispitanici su popunjavali jedinstvenu anketu od 25 pitanja koja se odnosila na njihovo poznavanje i stav o zabranjenim doping supstancijama. Rezultati. Razlike u prosečnim vrednostima skora dobijenog iz Upitnika između aktivnih sportista i trenera bila je statistički značajna u korist trenera (p = 0,001; p < 0,05). Prosečne vrednosti skora dobijenog iz Upitnika se nisu značajno razlikovale niti u odnosu na pol ispitanika, niti na individualni, ili timski sport (p = 0,267; p = 0,349; p > 0,05). Zaključak. Stepen informisanosti i poznavanje zabranjenih doping supstancija značajno je izraženiji kod trenera u odnosu na sportiste, dok razlika u nivou znanja o doping supstancijama nije bila značajna u odnosu na pol ispitanika i individualni, odnosno timski sport kojim se bave.

Ključne reči

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