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2013, vol. 63, br. 4, str. 429-436
Prevalencija i intenzitet infekcije gastrointestinalnim nematodama kod ovaca u istočnoj Srbiji
aUniverzitet u Beogradu, Fakultet veterinarske medicine
bVojnomedicinska akademija, Beograd

e-adresazkulisic@vet.bg.ac.rs
Projekat:
Molekularno-genetička i ekofiziološka istraživanja u zaštiti autohtonih animalnih genetičkih resursa, očuvanju dobrobiti, zdravlja i reprodukcije gajenih životinja i proizvodnji bezbedne hrane (MPNTR - 46002)

Sažetak
U periodu od marta 2011. do novembra 2012. godine, na teritoriji Istočne Srbije sprovedeno je koprološko ispitivanje 680 ovaca držanih u pašnom načinu gajenja na prisustvo gastrointestinalnih (GI) nematoda. Uzorci fecesa uzimani su metodom slučajnog uzorka i ispitivani korišćenjem kvalitativnih i kvantitativnih koproloških tehnika. Ispitivanjem je utvrđeno 74,56% inficiranih ovaca. Uzorci u kojima su pronađena jaja nematoda podvrgnuti su determinaciji larvi, pri čemu je identifikovano jedanaest rodova nematoda: Haemonchus (46,91%), Ostertagia (25,88%), Marshallagia (21,91%), Cooperia (14,12%), Trichostrongylus (39,85%), Nematodirus (35,88%), Bunostomum (23,97%), Strongyloides (17,06%) Oesophagostomum (40,73%), Chabertia (32,79%) i Trichuris (10,88%). Veća prevalencija infekcije uočena je kod ženki (p<0,01), kao i kod adultnih životinja (p<0,001). Kod 40,63% ovaca, infekcija je bila niskog, kod 51,87% umerenog, a kod 7,50% visokog intenziteta. Nisu dokazane razlike u intenzitetu infekcije u zavisnosti od pola i starosti životinja. Istovremena infekcija sa više rodova nematoda zavisila je od starosti ovaca (p<0,001). Dobijeni rezultati upućuju na zaključak da su GI nematode značajan problem ovaca držanih na pašnjaku u ispitivanom području.
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O članku

jezik rada: engleski
vrsta rada: neklasifikovan
DOI: 10.2298/AVB1304429K
objavljen u SCIndeksu: 07.11.2013.