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Medicinski pregled
2008, vol. 61, br. 9-10, str. 483-488
jezik rada: srpski
vrsta rada: pregledni članak
objavljeno: 09/02/2009
doi: 10.2298/MPNS0810483P
Razlikovanje sindroma 'sportskog srca' od nekih patoloških stanja
aUniverzitet u Beogradu, Medicinski fakultet, Institut za fiziologiju
bKlinički centar Srbije, Centar za prijem i zbrinjavanje urgentnih stanja – Urgentni centar, Beograd
cUniverzitet u Beogradu, Fakultet sporta i fizičkog vaspitanja

e-adresa: dejana01@eunet.yu

Sažetak

Promene u organizmu koje izaziva intezivan trening su velike - funkcionalne i anatomske, i to kako kratkoročne - tokom treninga, tako i dugoročne - posle više godina treniranja. Većina tih promena vodi povećanoj radnoj efikasnosti, te su tako i korisne po zdravlje, ali neke od njih nažalost nisu, te se sportom mogu podstaći i izvesni patološki procesi. Razlikovanje fizioloških od patoloških promena kod sportista, bilo da su one nastale kao odgovor na treniranje, bilo da su u pitanju neotkrivena prethodna oboljenja, veoma je važno u smislu sprečavanja obolevanja i iznenadnog umiranja sportista. U tom smislu je najznačajnije razlikovanje sindroma 'sportskog srca' od hipertrofijske kardiomiopatije, dilatativne kardiomiopatije, aritmogene displazije desne komore i miokarditisa, kao najčešćih uzroka iznenadnih srčanih smrti u sportu. Sprovođenje redovnih pregleda sportista, kako pre početka bavljenja sportom, tako i tokom treniranja i takmičenja jedini su način da se pojava iznenadnih smrti u sportu svede na minimum.

Ključne reči

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