Metrika članka

  • citati u SCindeksu: [1]
  • citati u CrossRef-u:0
  • citati u Google Scholaru:[=>]
  • posete u poslednjih 30 dana:5
  • preuzimanja u poslednjih 30 dana:1
članak: 3 od 7  
Back povratak na rezultate
Godišnjak Fakulteta sporta i fizičkog vaspitanja
2011, br. 17, str. 139-161
jezik rada: srpski
vrsta rada: naučni članak

Relacije morfoloških karakteristika i motoričkih sposobnosti i njihov uticaj na uspešnost u baletu
Afilijacija nije data

Sažetak

Iako su škole važna mesta za dečiju fizičku aktivnost, vreme predviđeno za fizičko vaspitanje smanjeno je u mnogim državama tokom poslednjih decenija. U periodu početka puberteta između 11 i 13 godine života mnogo više devojčica nego dečaka postaje neaktivno. Faktori uspešnosti u baletu i plesu razlikuju se od sporta na osnovu izražajnosti pokreta i gipkosti. Prema fiziološkim zahtevima i amplitudama pokreta balet je iskazao slične karakteristike sa sportovima kao što su sportska i ritmička gimnastika. Istraživanje je sprovedeno na uzorku 84 učenice osnovne baletske škole 'Lujo Davičo' iz Beograda, prosečnog uzrasta 12,84 (±1,14) godine, visine tela 157 (±9,0) cm i mase tela 43,1 (±7,6) kg. Podaci za procenu motoričkih sposobnosti dobijeni su primenom EUROFIT baterije testova. Uspeh u baletu procenjivan je ocenom u nastavi baleta. Rezultati su obrađeni deskriptivnom i komparativnom statistikom. Rezultati visine tela, mase tela i procenta masnog tkiva pokazuju povezanost sa uspehom u školi na nivou značajnosti p<0,01, pri čemu su vrednosti koeficijenta povezanosti r=-0,33 - r=-0,36, dok je koeficijent povezanosti sa indeksom telesne mase r=-0,27, na nivou značajnosti p<0,05. Rezultati motoričkih sposobnosti pokazuju značajnu povezanost uspeha u baletu sa rezultatima iz samo dva testa EUROFIT baterije. Rezultati dobijeni u testu povratnog trčanja na 20m sa postepenim povećanjem brzine (SRUN) pokazuju značajnu povezanost na nivou značajnosti p<0,01 sa uspehom ostvarenim u nastavi baleta (r=0,30), dok su rezultati dobijeni u testu za procenu gipkosti (PUSE) povezani sa uspehom ostvarenim u nastavi baleta (r=0,25) na nivou značajnosti p<0,05. Na osnovu dobijenih rezultata može se zaključiti, da u ovom uzrastu, devojčice koje su manje visine i mase tela, kao i one koje ostvaruju bolje rezultate na testovima za procenu gipkosti i aerobnih sposobnosti imaju prednost u selekciji za bavljenje baletom.

Ključne reči

Reference

Allen, N., Wyon, M. (2008) Dance medicine: Artist or athlete. Sport EX Med, 35. 6-9
Armstrong, N., Astrand, P.O. (1997) Editorial. Eur J Phys Educ, 2, 157-9
Armstrong, N., Welsman, J.R., Kirby, B.J. (2000) Longitudinal changes in 11-13 year-old's physical activity. Acta Paediatr, 7. 775-80
Baldari, C., Guideti, L. (2001) VO max, ventilatory and anaerobic thresholds in rhythmic gymnasts and young female dancers. J Sports Med Phys Fitness, 41. 177-182
Benefice, E., Malina, R.M. (1996) Body size, body composition and motor performances of mild-to-moderately undernourished Senegalese children. Ann Hum Biol, 23. 307-321
Benefice, E., Fouere, T., Malina, R.M., Beunen, G.P. (1996) Anthropometric and motor characteristics of Senegalese children with different nutritional histories. Child Care Health Dev, 22, str. 152-165
Beunen, G.P., Lefevre, J., Claessens, A.L., Lysens, R., Maes, H., Renson, R., Simons, J., van den Eynde, B., Vanreusel, B., van den Bossche, C. (1992) Age-specific correlation analysis of longitudinal physical fitness levels in men. Eur J Appl Physiol, 64,538-545
Beunen, G.P., Malina, R.M., Lefevre, J., Claessens, A.L., Renson, R., van den Eynde, B., Vanreusel, B., Simons, J. (1997) Skeletal maturation, somatic growth and physical fitness in girls 6-16 years of age. Int J Sports Med, 18, 413-419
Cardinal, M.K., Lofman, E.C., Cardinal, B.J. (1999) Evaluation of supplementary strength and conditioning program for dancers. Res Q Exerc Sport, Suppl, A16-A17
Chaterfield, S.J., Brynes, W.S., Lally, D.A., Rowe, S.E. (1990) Cross-sectional physiologic profiling of modern dancers. Dance Res J, 22. 13-20
Chmelar, R.D., Schultz, B.B., Ruhling, R.O., Shepherd, T.A., Zupan, M.F., Fitt, S.S. (1988) A physiologic profile comparing levels and styles of female dancers. Phys Sportsmed, 16. 87-90
Cohen, J.L., Segal, K.R., Witriol, I., McArdle, W.D. (1982) Cardiorespiratory responses to ballet exercise and VO2 max of elite ballet dancers. Med Sci Sports Exerc, 14. 212-217
Danford, L.C., Schoeller, D.A., Kushner, R.F. (1992) Comparison of two bioelectrical impedance analysis models for total body water measurement in children. Ann Hum Biol, 19,603-607
Davies, P.S.W., Preece, M.A., Hicks, C.J., Holliday, D. (1988) The prediction of total body water using bioelectrical impedance in children and adolescents. Ann Hum Biol, 15. 237-240
Deurenberg, P., van der Kooy, K., Paling, A., Withagen, P. (1989) Assessment of body composition in 8-11y old children by bioelectrical impedance. Eur J Clin Nutr, 43. 623-629
Fomon, S.J., Haschke, F., Ziegler, E.E., Nelson, S.E. (1982) Body composition of reference children from birth to age 10-y. Am J Clin Nutr, 35. 1169-1175
Fuller, N.J., Fewtrell, M.S., Dewit, O., Elia, M., Wells, J.C.K. (2002) Segmental bioelectrical impedance analysis in children aged 8-12y: I The assessment of whole-body composition. Int. J. Obes., 26. 684-691
Fuller, N.J., Jebb, S.A., Laskey, M.A., Coward, W.A., Elia, M. (1992) Four-component model for the assessment of body composition in humans: Comparison with alternative methods, and evaluation of the density and hydration of fat-free mass. Clin Sci, 82, 687-693
Gajević, A. (2009) Fizička razvijenost i fizičke sposobnosti dece osnovnoškolskog uzrasta. Beograd: Republički zavod za sport
Hamilton, W.G., Hamilton, L.H., Marshall, P., Molnar, M. (1992) A profile of the musculoskeletal characteristics of elite professionals ballet dancers. Am J Sports Med, 20. 267-273
Heymsfield, S.B., Lichtman, S., Baumgartner, R.N., Wang, J., Kamen, Y., Aliprantis, A., Pierson, R.N.Jr. (1990) Body composition in humans: Comparison of two improved four-compartment models that differ in expense, technical complexity, and radiation exposure. Am J Clin Nutr, 52. 52-58
Heyward, V.H., Stolarczyk, L.M. (1996) Applied body composition assessment. Human Kinetics, 147-154
Hoffer, E.C., Meador, C.K., Simpson, D.C. (1969) Correlation of whole-body impedance with total body water volume. J Appl Physiol, 27, str. 531-534
Houtkooper, L.B., Lohman, T.G., Going, S.B., Hall, M.C. (1989) Validity of bioelectric impedance for body composition assessment in children. J Appl Physiol, 66. 814-821
Houtkooper, L.B., Lohman, T.G., Going, S.B., Howell, W.H. (1996) Why bioelectrical impedance analysis should be used for estimating adiposity. American journal of clinical nutrition, 64(3 Suppl): 436S-448S
Hussey, J., Gormley, J., Bell, C., Kirby, B., Watkins, D. (2001) Physical activity in Dublin children aged 7-9: Commentories. Br J Sports Med, 35. 268-73
Jarić, S.M., Kukolj, M.S. (1996) Sila (jačina) i snaga u pokretima čoveka. Fizička kultura, vol. 50, br. 1-2, str. 15-28
Katzmarzyk, P.T., Malina, R.M., Beunen, G.P. (1997) The contribution of biological maturation to the strength and motor fitness of children. Ann. Hum. Biol, 24. 493-505
Koutedakis, Y., Cross, V., Sharp, N.C.C. (1996) Strength training in male ballet dancers. Impulse, 4,210-217
Koutedakis, Y., Dick, F., Pacy, P.J. (1997) Aspects of health and fitness in professional dancers. Med Problems Performing Artists, 12, 23-27
Koutedakis, Y., Myszkewycz, L., Soulas, D., Papapostolou, V., Sullivan, I., Sharp, N.C. (1999) The effects of rest and subsequent training on selected physiological parameters in professional female classical dancers. Int J Sports Med, 20(6): 379-83
Kukolj, M.S., Arunović, D., Stepić, Ž., Zdravković, S. (1993) Poređenje dve baterije testova (JZFKMS i EUROFIT) za procenu fizičkih sposobnosti učenika. Fizička kultura, vol. 47, br. 4, str. 196-200
Law, H. (2005) Fit to dance 2: Report of the second national inquiry into dancers health and injury in the UK. London: Dance UK
Liederbach, M. (2000) General considerations for guiding dance injury rehabilitation. J Dance Med Sci, 4, 54-65
Liederbach, M.B. (1985) Performance demands of ballet. Kinesiology for Dance, 8,6-8
Lohman, T.G. (1989) Assessment of body composition in children. Pediatr Eserc Sci, 1,19-30
Lukaski, H.C. (1987) Methods for the assessment of human body composition: Traditional and new. American journal of clinical nutrition, 46(4): 537-56
Macura, M., Pešić, K., Đorđević-Nikić, M., Stojiljković, S., Dabović, M. (2007) Morfološke karakteristike i funkcionalne sposobnosti igrača elitnog folklornog ansambla. Fizička kultura, vol. 61, br. 1-2, str. 105-117
Milde, K., Tomaszewski, P., Sienkiewicz-Dianzenza, E., Przeweda, R. (2007) Effects of age, body height and body mass on EUROFIT test results in short-statured girls. Phys Educ Sport, 51, 32-35
Ozdirenc, M., Ozcan, A., Akin, F., Gelecek, N. (2005) Physical fitness in rural children compared with urban children in Turkey. Ped Inter, 47, 26-31
Raczynski, G., Czeczelewski, J., Sklad, M., Stupnicki, R. (1998) Interrelationships among food intake, somatic traits, and physical fitness in 10, 5-15, 5-year old children from Eastern Poland. Int J Sports Nutr, 8. 388-400
Reilly, J.J., Wilson, J., Durnin, J.V.G.A. (1995) Determination of body composition from skin fold thickness: A validation study. Arch Dis Child, 73,305-310
Reilly, J.J., Wilson, J., McColl, J.H., Carmichael, M., Durnin, J.V.G.A. (1996) Ability of bioelectric impedance to predict fat-free mass in prepubertal children. Pediatr Res, 39. 176-179
Schantz, P.G., Astrand, P.O. (1984) Physiological characteristics of classical ballet. Med Sci Sports Exerc, 16. 472-476
Sollerhed, A.C., Apitzsch, E., Rastam, L., Ejlertsson, G. (2007) Factors associated with young childrens self-perceived physical competence and self-reported physical activity. Health Education Research
Telama, R., Yang, X. (2000) Decline of physical activity from youth to young adulthood in Finland. Med Sci Sports Exerc, 32(9): 1617-22
Twitchett, E.A., Koutedakis, Y., Wyon, M.A. (2009) Physiological Fitness and Professional Classical Ballet Performance: A Brief Review. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 23(9): 2732-2740
Visser, M., Gallagher, D., Deurenberg, P., Wang, J., Pierson, R.N. Jr., Heymsfield, S.B. (1997) Density of fat-free body mass. relationship with race, age, and level of body fatness. Am J Physiol, 272, E781-E787
Wells, J.C.K., Fuller, N.J., Dewit, O., Fewtrell, M.S., Elia, M., Cole, T.J. (1999) Four-component model of body composition in children. density and hydration of fat-free mass and comparison with simpler models. Am J Clin Nutr, 69. 904-912
Wolanski, N., Przeweda, R., Zaremba, H., Trzesniowski, R. (1992) Regression of body build and motor fitness in 7-19 - year-old Polish youth on energy use and demographic properties of regions. Stud Hum Ecol, 10, 207-219
Wyon, M., Deighan, M., Nevill, A., Doherty, M., Morrison, S., i dr. (2007) The cardiorespiratory, anthropometric, and performance characteristics of an International/National Touring Ballet Company. J Strength Cond Res, 21 (2), 389-393
Wyon, M., Head, A., Sharp, C., Redding, E. (2002) The cardiorespiratory responses to modern dance classes: Differences between university, graduate and professional classes. J Dance Med Sci, 6. 41-45
Wyon, M.A., Abt, G., Redding, E., Head, A., Sharp, C.N.C. (2004) Oxygen uptake during modern dance class, rehearsal, and performance. J Strength Cond Res, 18(3): 646-9