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Ekonomika poljoprivrede
2017, vol. 64, iss. 2, pp. 805-819
article language: English
document type: Review Paper
doi:10.5937/ekoPolj1702805M

Creative Commons License 4.0
Contribution of agriculture to the development of Serbia
aUniversity of Priština, Faculty of Agriculture
bForest High School of Kraljevo, Kraljevo
cFaculty of Business Economics and Entrepreneurship, Belgrade

e-mail: slavka.mitrovic@pr.ac.rs, aleksandramitrovic754@gmail.com, maja.cogoljevic@vspep.edu.rs

Abstract

The Republic of Serbia has significant resources for the development of agriculture (natural, scientific and professional). However, agriculture doesn't achieve the results adequate to conditions it has and which are expected of it. The aim of the research in this paper is to perceive the contribution of agriculture in the development of Serbia. The contribution of agriculture was considered by an analysis of next indicators: 1. Share of rural population in total population and an active rural population in the total work force, 2. Share of agriculture in the creation of gross domestic product (GDP) and, 3. Contribution of agriculture and agro-industry to the foreign trade exchange. The analysis of the mentioned indicators points out that our developmental strategy must be based on the increase of agricultural-food products export (intensive production), and the change in production structure in accordance with the solvent demand (especially for the demand of ecologically healthy food) and which level of finalization would be higher, in order to increase competitiveness and a new value. In this paper were used published data of the Statistical Office of the Republic of Serbia, and then the research results of some authors in this field, as well as the results of the authors' other research. The research period was from the year 2000 to the year 2015. In the analysis of contribution (performances) of agriculture were used the system and comparative analysis, as well as the standard statistical - mathematical instrumentation: average values, a rate of change and a coefficient of determination. In the paper were presented also the linear trends of GDP and income of agriculture and a share of agriculture in GDP, as well as the export/import of whole economy and agriculture trends.

Keywords

References

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