Article metrics

  • citations in SCindeks: 0
  • citations in CrossRef:0
  • citations in Google Scholar:[=>]
  • visits in previous 30 days:7
  • full-text downloads in 30 days:2
article: 2 from 2  
Back back to result list
Ekonomika poljoprivrede
2019, vol. 66, iss. 3, pp. 787-798
article language: English
document type: Original Scientific Paper
published on: 10/10/2019
doi: 10.5937/ekoPolj1903787M
Creative Commons License 4.0
Economic characteristics of sour cream production in small-scale dairy processors in Serbia

Project

Production of hard cheese with added value from milk produced in organic conditions and self-sustainable systems (MESTD - 31095)
Sustainable agriculture and rural development in the function of accomplishing strategic objectives of the Republic of Serbia in the Danube region (MESTD - 46006)

Abstract

In Serbia small family households dominate in milk production, while large-scale capacity dairies dominate in milk processing. There are over 200 dairy processing plants, and currently they manufacture about 80% of all dairy products. In this race small-scale dairies are lagging behind. The aim of this paper is to investigate economic characteristics of processing milk into sour cream in small scale dairy processors in Serbia. The research showed that the cost price of sour cream with a minimum of 20% milk fat is 68.96 RSD/kg. The largest share in total costs has costs of raw material account for 44.11% and labor costs for 38.79%, while the remaining costs are packaging, transport and other overheads. In order for small-scale capacity dairies to compete with larger-scale capacity dairies, both in product quality and price, it is necessary to continuously monitor and minimize production costs.

Keywords

sour cream; small-scale dairy processors; dairy industry; competitiveness; production costs

References

European Statistics Eurostat Electronic database. https://ec.europa.eu/eurostat/ (July 07, 2019)
Fuentes, E., Bogue, J., Gómez, C., Vargas, J., Le, G.P.Y. (2016) Supporting small-scale dairy plants in selecting market opportunities and milk payment systems using a spreadsheet model. Computers and Electronics in Agriculture, 122, 191-199
Garcia, S.N., Osburn, B.I., Cullor, J.S. (2019) A one health perspective on dairy production and dairy food safety. One Health, 7
Glavaš, -Trbić D., Maksimović, G. (2013) Factors of agribusiness competitiveness of the Republic of Serbia. in: 'Sustainable Agriculture and Rural Development in Terms of the Republic of Serbia Strategic Goals Realization within the Danube Region - achieving regional competitiveness', International Scientific C, Belgrade: Institute of Agricultural Economics, 141-157
Jakšić, D., Mijić, K., Zekić, S., Poljašević, J. (2015) Comparative profitability analysis of milk production companies to milk processing companies in Serbia. Custos e @gronegovion on line, 11(3), 206-226
Marko, J., Jovanović, M., Tica, N. (1998) Calculations in agriculture (Kalkulacije u poljoprivredi). Novi Sad: Poljoprivredni fakultet
Paszczyk, B., Tonska, E., Luczynska, J. (2019) Health-promoting value of cow, sheep and goat milk and yogurts. Mljekarstvo, 69(3), 182-192
Popović, R., Panić, D. (2018) Technical efficiency of Serbian dairy processing industry. Ekonomika poljoprivrede, vol. 65, br. 2, str. 569-581
Popović, V.A., Krstović, S., Jurakić, Ž., Popović, M., Šaran, M., Vlahović, B. (2017) Models of small cheese producing plants (Modeli malih pogona za proizvodnju sira). Agroeconomics, 46(76), 67-78
Ščetar, M., Barukčić, I., Kurek, M., Jakopović, K.L., Božanić, R., Galić, K. (2019) Packaging perspective of milk and dairy products. Mljekarstvo, 69(1), 3-20
Špička, J., Smutka, L., Selby, R. (2016) Recent areas of innovation activities in the Czech dairy industry. Agricultural Economics (Zemědělská ekonomika), 61(No. 6), 249-264
The Statistical Office Of The Republic Of Serbia Electronic database. www.stat.gov.rs, (July 04, 2019)
Veljković, B., Koprivica, R., Radivojević, D., Mileusnić, Z. (2015) Milk and dairy products in the foreign trade balance of Serbia. Agroeconomics, 44(66), 1-12, Mleko i mlečni proizvodi u spoljnotrgovinskom bilansu Srbije
Vlahović, B., Puškaš, A., Mugoša, I. (2018) Export of cheese from the Republic of Serbia: Current state and perspective (Izvoz sira iz Republike Srbije - aktuelno stanje i perspektiva). Agroeconomics, 47(81), 59-70
Zekić, S., Mijić, K., Jakšić, D., Milenković, I. (2016) Gep u profitabilnosti u lancu proizvodnje mleka - iskustva u Srbiji. Ekonomika poljoprivrede, vol. 63, br. 2, str. 485-499
Zekić, V., Džinić, N., Tica, N., Tomović, V., Milić, D. (2015) Cost price determination for traditional meat products (Utvrđivanje cene koštanja tradicionalnih proizvoda od mesa). Agroeconomics, 44(67), 117-124
Zekić, V., Džinić, N., Tica, N., Tomović, V., Milić, D. (2016) Capacity utilization impact on the financial results of meat processing (Uticaj stepena korišćenja kapaciteta na finansijske rezultate u preradi mesa). 40(1), 95-99