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2012, vol. 51, br. 2, str. 45-49
Fizičke i sportske aktivnosti kod osoba sa mentalnom retardacijom
'Sveti Sava' Elementary School, Pirot

e-adresazoranstanisic106@yahoo.com
Sažetak
Nizak nivo fizičke pripremljenosti osoba sa mentalnom retardacijom najčešće je rezultat sedaternog načina života i nedostatka mogućnosti da se ove osobe uključe u bilo koje oblike planirane fizičke aktivnosti, zbog čega često nisu u stanju da adekvatno obavljaju aktivnosti svakodnevnog života i imaju ograničene mogućnosti za obavljanje radnih obaveza i zaposlenje. Redovna fizička aktivnost može da deluje preventivno, smanji rizike po zdravlje i spreči nastanak određenih bolesti, kao i da promoviše aktivni način života i poveća fizičke i radne kapacitete kod ove specifične populacije. Sport može imati važnu ulogu u životu osoba sa mentalnom retardacijom jer predstavlja dobru osnovu za razvoj fizičkih i kognitivnih sposobnosti. Timski sportovi, koji uključuju interakciju više osoba, procese donošenja odluka kroz niz različitih situacija i razumevanje same igre u njenim sastavnim delovima, mogu se koristiti kao efikasan i praktičan tretman za osobe sa mentalnom retardacijom.
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