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2016, vol. 45, br. 3-4, str. 71-77
Metode za procenu telesne kompozicije
Univerzitet u Novom Sadu, Medicinski fakultet, Zavod za fiziologiju

e-adresadea.karaba-jakovljevic@mf.uns.ac.rs
Sažetak
Procena telesne kompozicije zauzima važno mesto u proceni zdravstvenih rizika u brojnim medicinskim granama, kao i u oblasti fiziologije sporta kao važna komponenta fiziološkog profila sportiste. Postoje brojni pristupi proceni telesne kompozicije, koji se mogu grubo podeliti na direktne i indirektne. Danas se u kliničkoj praksi koriste indirektni modeli, koji na relativno jednostavan i brz način mogu dati podatke o udelu pojedinih komponenti telesnog sastava. Najjednostavnija, i za širu populaciju najdostupnija metoda je antropometrijska, dok se kao metodom rastuće pouzdanosti označava metoda bioelektrične impedance. Hidrodenzitometrija, iako pouzdana, nije metod izbora u većim studijama zbog nekomformnosti samog postupka i zahtevnijih uslova po pitanju opreme. DXA metoda zbog svoje velike pouzdanosti ima potencijal primene kao zlatnog standarda za procenu komponenata telesnog sastava, a uključuje relativno malu dozu zračenja. CT i NMR su najsofisticiranije metode kojima se egzaktno može proceniti masna masa različitih regiona tela, visceralna masna masa kao i mišićna masa tela. Međutim zbog male dostupnosti i visoke cene nemaju primenu u široj populaciji, ali su veoma važne u raličitim kliničkih studijama. Možda najbolji pristup procene telesne kompozicije je kombinacijom više jednostavnih i dostupnih metoda čime se može povećati pouzdanost dobijenih podataka i adekvatnije proceniti zdravstveni rizici vezani za specifični telesni sastav.
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O članku

jezik rada: srpski
vrsta rada: pregledni članak
DOI: 10.5937/pramed1604071K
objavljen u SCIndeksu: 12.06.2017.
Creative Commons License 4.0

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