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Zbornik radova, Elektrotehnički institut "Nikola Tesla"
2012, iss. 22, pp. 153-172
article language: Serbian
document type: Professional Paper
published on: 12/12/2012
doi: 10.5937/zeint22-2557
Determination of regression functions for the charging and discharging processes of valve regulated lead-acid batteries
University of Belgrade, Electrical Engineering Institute 'Nikola Tesla'



Energy efficiency Improvement of Hydro and Thermal power plants in EPS by development and implementation of power electronics based regulation and automation equipment (MESTD - 33020)


Following a deep discharge of AGM SVT 300 valve-regulated lead-acid batteries using the ten-hour discharge current, the batteries were charged using variable current. In accordance with the obtained results, exponential and polynomial functions for the approximation of the specified processes were analyzed. The main evaluation instrument for the quality of the implemented approximations was the adjusted coefficient of determination R-2. It was perceived that the battery discharge process might be successfully approximated with both an exponential and the second order polynomial function. On all the occasions analyzed, values of the adjusted coefficient of determination were greater than 0.995. The charging process of the deeply discharged batteries was successfully approximated with the exponential function; the measured values of the adjusted coefficient of determination being nearly 0.95. Apart from the high measured values of the adjusted coefficient of determination, polynomial approximations of the second and third order did not provide satisfactory results regarding the interpolation of the battery charging characteristics. A possibility for a practical implementation of the procured regression functions in uninterruptible power supply systems was described.


regression function; adjusted coefficient of determination; valve-regulated lead-acid battery; discharging; charging; exponential fit; polynomial fit


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