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Food and Feed Research
2020, vol. 47, br. 1, str. 1-12
jezik rada: engleski
vrsta rada: originalan članak
objavljeno: 04/07/2020
doi: 10.5937/FFR2001001B
Creative Commons License 4.0
Razlike u sadržaju hranljivih i bioaktivnih jedinjenja između hibridnih i slobodnooprašujućih sorti kukuruza
Institut za kukuruz 'Zemun polje', Beograd-Zemun

e-adresa: vbabic@mrizp.rs

Projekat

Ministarstvo prosvete, nauke i tehnološkog razvoja Republike Srbije (institucija: Institut za kukuruz 'Zemun polje', Beograd-Zemun) (MESTD - 451-03-68/2020-14/200040)

Sažetak

Savremeni trendovi u oplemenjivanju kukuruza idu u pravcu identifikacije genotipova povećanog kvaliteta zrna za ljudsku upotrebu, industrijsku preradu i njihovog uključivanja u komercijalne oplemenjivačke programe. Za ovo istraživanje odabrane su tri hibridne i tri slobodnooprašujuće sorte kukuruza različite po boji i tipu zrna, u cilju ispitivanja razlika u sadržaju ukupnih karotenoida, fenolnih jedinjenja i ukupnom antioksidativnom kapacitetu. Dodatno su analizirane fizičke karakteristike i osnovni hemijski sastav zrna, kao i sadržaj proteinskih frakcija. Multivarijacioni pristup, kroz primenu analize glavnih komponenata (PCA) doprineo je boljem razumevanju složenih veza ispitivanih parametara kvaliteta. Sa aspekta različite upotrebne vrednosti, bolji tehnološki kvalitet poželjan za proces suvog mlevenja i proces proizvodnje grickalica (snek proizvoda) je identifikovan kod slobodnooprašujućih sorti Osmak i Bosanac, dok se sorta Rumenka odlikovala visokim sadržajem bioaktivnih jedinjenja (tj. visokim antioksidativnim kapacitetom). Dobijeni rezultati ukazuju na superiornost slobodnooprašujućih sorti u poređenju sa hibridnim.

Ključne reči

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