Article metrics

  • citations in SCindeks: 0
  • citations in CrossRef:0
  • citations in Google Scholar:[=>]
  • visits in previous 30 days:4
  • full-text downloads in 30 days:2
article: 7 from 40  
Back back to result list
2017, iss. 157, pp. 159-181
article language: Serbian
document type: Review Paper
published on: 01/02/2018
doi: 10.5937/kultura1757159J
Reconstructing gender (neo)oriental deviance: An analysis of the continuity of the colonial discourse on the necessity of saving Muslim women
University of Belgrade, Faculty of Philosophy, Department of Sociology


This paper proceeds from an assumption emphasized by the creator of the concept of Orientalism, Edward Said. His standpoint is that the gender aspect of Occidental attitude towards the Orient is very important for the understanding of the whole complex process of reducing and simplifying the perception of Oriental societies. A specific view of the oriental woman which was formed in the 18th and 19th centuries can also be identified in contemporary Western societies. Although the symbols and the iconography are different, the logic of contradicting women's oriental otherness remains the same. The Muslim women are perceived as submissive, vulnerable and obedient. Western discourses are marked by the need to 'rescue' these endangered women. The methods of 'salvation' are different and they range from sexist to feminist. The feminist form of Western 'salvation' is theoretically more interesting and has been critically responded to by many (Western) authors who disagree with the imperative of adopting Western feminism as the only way to achieve gender equality. In order to clarify the arguments that are in favour of both streams of thought, we have presented various views within the framework of Islamic feminism itself. Without a desire to give the final conclusion, in the end we looked at the possibilities of eclecticism in these theoretical feminist schools of thought that would contribute to the better position of all Muslims in the contemporary context, and especially to the Muslim women. The main goal is to deconstruct images of Muslims as a deviant subculture based on the fact that their customs and beliefs are different.


orientalism; feminism; contemporary migration; Islam; gender dimension


*** (2016) Polish magazine's 'Islamic rape of Europe' cover sparks outrage. 18. february, 10. october 2017.
*** (2013) Canada: Un hôpital lance une campagne pro-hijab. 12. september, 10. october 2017.
Ajzenhamer, V. (2012) Politički eksperiment koji traje - politički sistem Islamske Republike Iran. Azijske sveske, Beograd, no. 1(1)
Badran, M. (2005) Between secular and islamic feminism/s reflections on the middle east and beyond. Journal of Middle East Women's Studies, 1(1): 6-28
Božović, R., Simić, V. (2003) Pojmovnik islama. Beograd: Narodna knjiga
Crenshaw, K. (1991) Mapping the Margins: Intersectionality, Identity Politics, and Violence against Women of Color. Stanford Law Review, 43(6): 1241
Fekete, L. (2009) A Suitable Enemy: Racism, Migration and Islamophobia in Europe. London: Pluto Press
Gurel, P. (2015) Between Orientalism and Westernization: Belly Dance as a Transnational American Studies Case. Comparative American Studies An International Journal, 13(4): 265-283
Jovanović, N. (2017) Paradoksi slobode govora - suspenzija političke korektnosti u savremenim diskursima kao katalizator jačanja orijentalističke i rasističke retorike. in: Kuburić Z., Ćumura Lj.Zotova A. [ed.] Lica i naličja društvene i lične slobode, Novi Sad: CEIR
Jovanović, N. (2017) Contemporary orientalistic discourse as the framework for the analysis of Islamophobia in western societies. in: Stanarević S., Đorđević I.Rokvić V. [ed.] 3rd International Conference on Human Security, Belgrade, May, Belgrade: University of Belgrade - Faculty of Security Studies - Human Security Research Center
Jovanović, N. (2014) Islam i savremeni svet - religijske zabrane - primeri i prakse u svakodnevnom životu. Religija i tolerancija, vol. 12, br. 21, str. 161-180
Mahmood, S. (2005) Politics of Piety. Princeton and Oxford: Princeton UP
Martins, N., Williams, D.C., Harrison, K., Ratan, R.A. (2009) A Content Analysis of Female Body Imagery in Video Games. Sex Roles, 61(11-12): 824-836
Mcmahon, J. (2006) Muslim women and their white saviors. 3. may, 10. october 2017.
Mernissi, F., Lakeland, M.J. (1991) The Veil and the male elite a feminist interpretation of women s rights in Islam. New York: Basic Books
Molnar, A. (2015) Inovativnost Monteskjeovog određenja despotije. Sociologija, vol. 57, br. 3, str. 401-420
Moors, A., Salih, R. (2009) 'Muslim women' in Europe: Secular normativities, bodily performances and multiple publics. Social Anthropology, 17(4): 375-378
Pešić, J. (2013) Rodna perspektiva u proučavanju migracija. Sociologija, vol. 55, br. 2, str. 317-332
Pettman, J.J. (1996) Worlding Women: A Feminist International Politics. London and, New York: Routledge
Pišev, M. (2013) Bodež i veo - teorijski okvir za kulturno-relativističko tumačenje islamskog feminizma. Etno-antropološke sveske, Beograd, br. 13(2), Etnološko-antropološko društvo Srbije
Pišev, M. (2013) Kuran i poliginija: zakonodavne i etičke interpretacije prava žene u islamu. Antropologija, Beograd, br. 13(1)
Ritzer, G. (2009) Savremena sociološka teorija i njeni klasični koreni. Beograd: Službeni glasnik
Said, E.V. (2008) Orijentalizam. Beograd: Biblioteka XX vek
Shepard, L. (2006) Veiled references: Constructions of gender in the Bush administration discourse on the attacks on Afghanistan post-9/11. International Feminist Journal of Politic, no. 8(1)
UNHCR Mid-year trends., 11. october 2017
Vukomanović, M. (2009) Žene apostoli u ranom hrišćanstvu - pravoverni i gnostički izvori. in: Savić S., Anić R.J. [ed.] Rodna perspektiva u međureligijskom dijalogu u XXI veku, Novi Sad: Futura publikacije
Žižek, S. (2015) Islam, ateizam i modernost: Neka bogohulna razmišljanja. Novi Sad: Akademska knjiga