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Vojnotehnički glasnik
2015, vol. 63, iss. 4, pp. 11-24
article language: English
document type: Original Scientific Paper
published on: 27/11/2015
doi: 10.5937/vojtehg63-7395
Improvement of signal synchronization in GPS software receiver
aUniversity of Defence, Military Academy, Belgrade
bUniversity of Belgrade, Faculty of Electrical Engineering



Cost-effective selection of new technologies and concepts of defense through social reforms and strategic orientations of Serbia in 21. century (MESTD - 47029)


In GPS receivers, navigation bit allocation is performed throughout the process of signal tracking and detection. In the process of signal tracking, the locally generated signal must be synchronized with the received signal. The Costas phase-locked loop (PLL) behavior, which is often used for signal synchronization, is characterized by dominant tracking error sources. The resulting phase tracking errors are significant in the presence of weak signals, i.e. signals with the low signal-to-noise ratio (SNR). In order to improve the signal synchronization and enable signal tracking by the receiver, we here proposed the usage of a non-data-aided (NDA) phase estimator. Based on the practical processing of the GPS signals, it is shown that the applied NDA algorithm is more resistant to sudden changes in frequency (phase) of the input signal than the previously considered phase discriminator in the Costas PLL. Also, we have shown that the solution analyzed here exhibits more stable operation in signal tracking for a low SNR.



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