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2020, vol. 66, br. 4, str. 73-84
Investiciona aktivnost srpskih farmi u odnosu na susedne države - primena FADN indikatora
aUniverzitet u Beogradu, Poljoprivredni fakultet
bInstitut za ekonomiku poljoprivrede, Beograd

e-adresasanjinivanovic@agrif.bg.ac.rs, lana_n@iep.bg.ac.rs, marko_j@iep.bg.ac.rs
Projekat:
Ministarstvo prosvete, nauke i tehnološkog razvoja Republike Srbije (institucija: Univerzitet u Beogradu, Poljoprivredni fakultet) (MESTD - 451-03-68/2020-14/200116)
Ministarstvo prosvete, nauke i tehnološkog razvoja Republike Srbije (institucija: Institut za ekonomiku poljoprivrede, Beograd) (MESTD - 451-03-68/2020-14/200009)

Ključne reči: bruto investicije; neto investicije; subvencije; FADN
Sažetak
Investicije su preduslov profitabilne, efikasne i održive poljoprivredne proizvodnje. Kao posledica liberalizacije tržišta, srpski poljoprivrednici se takmiče sa poljoprivrednicima iz EU i susednih zemalja, stoga je veoma važno izvršiti poređenje ulaganja u srpske farme sa ulaganjima u farme u susednim zemljama koje su već postale članice EU (Hrvatska, Mađarska, Rumunija i Bugarska). Cilj istraživanja bio je da se analiziraju investicije u najvažnije tipove farmi u Srbiji (mešoviti tip farmi i farme specijalizovane za ratarsku proizvodnju) i uporede sa odgovarajućim ulaganjima izvršenim u prethodno pomenutim državama. Za postizanje ovog cilja korišćeni su FADN metodologija i relevantne EU i srpske baze podataka i publikacije. Rezultati istraživanja su pokazali da su investicije u srpske farme slične ili čak veće u poređenju sa investicijama u posmatranim državama, iako je nivo subvencija za investicije u Srbiji dosta skromniji. Nivo neto investicija je posebno visok na mešovitim farmama u Srbiji, što omogućava razvoj manje prisutnih tipova stočarske proizvodnje. Buduća istraživanja bi trebalo da budu usmerena na evidentiranje i poređenje subvencija za investicije prema FADN metodologiji u Srbiji i članicama EU.
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O članku

jezik rada: engleski
vrsta rada: originalan članak
DOI: 10.5937/ekonomika2004074I
primljen: 17.06.2020.
prihvaćen: 18.09.2020.
objavljen u SCIndeksu: 20.12.2020.
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