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Panoeconomicus
2006, vol. 53, br. 4, str. 407-425
jezik rada: engleski
vrsta rada: izvorni naučni članak
doi:10.2298/PAN0604407L


Postoji li mogućnost za uspostavljanje socijalnog kapitalizma u post socijalističkoj tranziciji
Univerzitet u Novom Sadu, Fakultet tehničkih nauka

e-adresa: corna@eunet.yu

Sažetak

Nedavno je Klaus Ofe postavio pitanje koje se odnosilo na sudbinu evropskog modela "socijalnog kapitalizma". Da li će "socijalni kapitalizam" preživeti evropsku integraciju, ili će nestati usled tendencija koje je dovode u pitanje? Pri tome, Ofe je pretpostavio da je naznačeni model izazvan globalizacijskim procesima, tačnije nužnošću institucionalnog odgovora na spomenute procese, kao i integracijom srednje i istočno evropskih zemalja u Evropsku uniju. Radna hipoteza ovog članka je u tome da se može ponuditi barem provizorni, ali u teorijskom smislu koherentni odgovor na postavljeno pitanje. Članak se sastoji iz dva dela. U prvom delu se pokazuje da je centralni element "socijalnog kapitalizma", naime, država blagostanja rekonstituisan shodno generalnim promenama, ali uprkos neoliberalno projektovanoj globalizaciji mogu se demonstrirati i elementi njegovog snažnog kontinuiteta. Autor polazi od socioekonomske teorije K. Polanjija i naznačava značaj spomenute teorije za razumevanje tendencije kapitalizma u Zapadnoj Evropi i "ne-zapadnom" delu Evrope. Autor smatra da se teorijom Polanjija može objasniti orijentacija utkanog liberalizma posle II svetskog rata i ne-utkanog neoliberalizma posle krize države blagostanja. U drugom delu tvrdim da je u pogledu države blagostanja nastala asimetrična struktura između Zapadne Evrope i "ne-zapadnog" dela Evrope u pogledu "socijalizacije kapitalizma", te da je neoliberalizacija, shodno političkoj intenciji transfera idealnotipskog modela kapitalizma, jače instalisana u zemljama koje se započele "tranzicijske procese" u devedesetim godinama XX veka. Na kraju se uvažavanjem socio-ekonomskih aspekata pokušava dati odgovor na postavljeno pitanje Ofea.

Ključne reči

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