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Glasnik Antropološkog društva Srbije
2018, br. 53, str. 21-28
jezik rada: srpski
vrsta rada: izvorni naučni članak
doi:10.5937/gads53-15949

Creative Commons License 4.0
Efekat intervalnog (HIIT) aerobnog treninga na akutno oštećenje mišića kod košarkašica u odnosu na kontinuirani aerobni trening
Vojska Srbije, Beograd

e-adresa: bokili2004@yahoo.com

Sažetak

Tokom intenzivnog vežbanja, naročito profesionalnih sportista, mišići se privremeno zamaraju i mogu da oslabe, te su nekad potrebni dani da bi se mišić oporavio. Cilj ove studije bio je da se praćenjem biohemijskih parametara oštećenja mišića u toku trenažnog procesa utvrdi zamor mišića košarkašica nakon opterećenja izazvanog dvema vrstama aerobnog trening. U sklopu longitudinalne, eksperimentalne studije izabran je uzorak od 12 košarkašica, životnog doba od 14 do 28 godina, sa sportskim stažom u trajanju od najkraće pet godina. Ispitivanje je sprovedeno u pretakmičarskoj fazi, gde su ispitanice imale dva treninga dnevno. Razmak između dva uzorkovanja bio je 14 dana, gde je prvo uzorkovanje rađeno pre i posle kontinuiranog aerobnog treninga, odnosno drugo uzorkovanje pre i posle intervalnog aerobnog (HIIT) treninga. Parametri koji su određivani su kreatin kinaza, mioglobin, troponin I i laktati. Analizirane grupe u odnosu na vrstu trenažne intervencije statistički se značajno razlikuju u odnosu na rezultate u testu u svim parametrima (p=0.05), osim u troponinu I, kako unutar treninga (pre i posle svake trenažne intervencije), tako i u odnosu na vrstu treninga. Primenom HIIT treninga ne narušava se homeostaza organizma više nego kod kontinuiranog aerobnog treninga, a benefiti takvog vežbanja su mnogostruki.

Ključne reči

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