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Fizička kultura
2018, vol. 72, br. 2, str. 170-180
jezik rada: srpski, engleski
vrsta rada: izvorni naučni članak
doi:10.5937/fizkul1802170M

Creative Commons License 4.0
Pripremljenost rvača različitog takmičarskog nivoa procenjena primenom terenskog testa
aUniverzitet u Beogradu, Fakultet sporta i fizičkog vaspitanja
bUniverzitet u Prištini, Fakultet za sport i fizičko vaspitanje

e-adresa: mm_milanm@yahoo.com

Projekat

Efekti primenjene fizičke aktivnosti na lokomotorni, metabolički, psiho-socijalni i vaspitni status populacije R Srbije (MPNTR - 47015)

Sažetak

Rvanje je sport koga dominantno karakterišu fizička naprezanja u anaerobno laktatnim energetskim zonama. Predmet ovog rada su parametri pripremljenosti rvača, sa aspekta njihove uspešnosti, kao i nivoa metaboličke i srčane reakcije organizma, praćeni na specifičnom terenskom testu. Cilj istraživanja je da se utvrde razlike u nivou specifične pripremljenosti, između rvača različitog takmičarskog nivoa. Uzorak čini 26 rvača, podeljenih u dve grupe, u odnosu na takmičarski nivo u kojem nastupaju, tj. 10 nastupa u Prvoj ligi Srbije, dok 16 nastupa u Drugoj rvačkoj ligi Srbije. Test specifične rvačke pripremljenosti (SRTP), sastoji se iz dva segmenta u trajanju od po 3 minuta, koji vremenski simuliraju runde u borbi, a između kojih je odmor u trajanju od 30 sekundi. Radi relativizovanja opterećenja u testu su korišćene tri rvačke lutke različite težine, a tehnika prednji pojas kao standardno bacanje za sve ispitanike. Generalne razlike utvrđene su MANOVOM, dok su nezavisnim t testom utvrđene pojedinačne razlike svih varijabli, u funkciji ispitivanih grupa. Na osnovu rezultata, a u funkciji modela izračunavanja parametara specifične pripremljenosti rvača, utvrđena je statistički značajna razlika (p = 0.000) ostvarenih rezultata pripremljenosti u sva tri modela izračunavanja (SRTP_UBbacanja, SRTP_SJFINDEKS i SRTP_NOVIINDEKS). Na osnovu sličnih metaboličkih vrednosti testiranih grupa, i delimičnih razlika u ostvarivanju funkcionalnih vrednosti na isti zadati napor (SRTP), može se zaključiti da su utvrđene razlike sva tri modela za izračunavanje parametara pripremljenosti ispitivanih grupa posledica nedovoljne adaptiranosti za realizaciju visokih opterećenja, koja zahtevaju visoku frekvenciju pulsa, kao i koncentraciju laktata, za dati vremenski period.

Ključne reči

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