Metrika članka

  • citati u SCindeksu: [1]
  • citati u CrossRef-u:0
  • citati u Google Scholaru:[=>]
  • posete u poslednjih 30 dana:15
  • preuzimanja u poslednjih 30 dana:3
članak: 9 od 51  
Back povratak na rezultate
Nauka, bezbednost, policija
2016, vol. 21, br. 3, str. 19-38
jezik rada: engleski
vrsta rada: izvorni naučni članak
doi:10.5937/nabepo21-12244


Strukturna analiza karakteristika telesnog statusa zaposlenih u policiji Abu Dabija
aThe Strategic Management & Performance Improvement Department, Sport Activity Section, United Arab Emirates
bUniverzitet u Beogradu, Fakultet sporta i fizičkog vaspitanja

Projekat

Efekti primenjene fizičke aktivnosti na lokomotorni, metabolički, psiho-socijalni i vaspitni status populacije R Srbije (MPNTR - 47015)

Sažetak

Policijski službenici imaju širok spektar zaduženja kao što su dugotrajna sedenja u kancelariji, saobraćajne i šetajuće patrole, obezbeđenje lica, objekata i manifestacija, i mnoga druga. Opšte je poznato da je telesni sastav pokazatelj trenutnog stanja organizma jer je rezultat ishrane, stresa, količine fizičke aktivnosti i drugih činilaca koji su deo ljudske svakodnevice. Praćenje morfološkog statusa je neophodno jer je telesna struktura čoveka veoma važna, a istovremeno je biološki veoma promenljiva kategorija, na koju deluju mnogobrojni, što spoljašnji što unutrašnji faktori. Cilj istraživanja bio je strukturna analiza aktuelnog stanja, a za potrebe definisanja inicijalnog modela telesnog statusa zaposlenih u policiji Abu Dabija. Merenje je realizovano u okviru sportske sekcije odseka strateškog menadžmenta i poboljšanja performansi u teretani namenjenoj uniformisanim licima zaposlenim u Ministarstvu unutrašnjih poslova Abu Dabija metodom bioelektrične impedance 'In Body 720'. Uzorak ispitanika činilo je 59 policajaca muškog pola, različitog ranga i uzrasta. Osnovne karakteristike uzorka bile su: starost 31,53 ± 9,42 godina, telesna visina 173,08 ± 6,13 cm i telesna masa 80,10 ± 11,50 kg. Praćnene varijable bile su telesna visina (TV), telesna masa (TM), indeks telesne mase (BMI), količina masti u telu (BFM), procenat masti u telu (PBF), količina mišićne mase (SMM) i procenat mišića u telu (PSMM). Rezultati su statistički obrađeni primenom deskriptivne statistike i klasterske analize i dobijene su sledeće vrednosti karakteristika telesne strukture kao osnove za definisanje morfologije tela kod ispitivanih pripadnika policije Abu Dabija: BMI - 26,76 ± 3,74 kg/m2, PBF - 24,35 ± 7,57%, SMM - 34,47 ± 4,78 kg i PSMM - 43,31 ± 4,49%. U odnosu na BMI, PBF i PSMM uzorak je raspoređen u klastere kako bi se stekao uvid u prevalencu u odnosu na uhranjenost i procenat masnog i mišićnog tkiva. Dobijeni rezultati su pokazali da je prevalenca prekomerno uhranjenih prema klasterima WHO iznosila 59,06%, prevalenca gojaznosti prema ACE 49,15%, dok je čak 66,10% uzorka imao ispod prosečan ili nedovoljan PSMM.

Ključne reči

Reference

Alasagheirin, M.H., Clark, M. K., Ramey, S.L., Grueskin, E.F. (2011) Body Mass Index Misclassification of Obesity Among Community Police Officers. AAOHN Journal, 59(11): 469-475
American Council on Exercise https://www.acefitness.org/acefit/healthy-living-article/60/112/what-are-the-guidelines-for-percentage-of-body-fat
Ardern, C.I., Katzmarzyk, P.T., Janssen, I., Ross, R. (2003) Discrimination of Health Risk by Combined Body Mass Index and Waist Circumference. Obesity Research, 11(1): 135-142
Ardern, C.I., Katzmarzyk, P.T., Janssen, I., Ross, R. (2012) Discrimination of Health Risk by Combined Body Mass Index and Waist Circumference. Obesity Research, 11(1): 135-142
Boyce, R., Jones, G., Lloyd, C., Boone, E. (2008) A longitudinal observation of police: Body composition changes over 12 years with gender and race comparisons. Journal of Exercise Physiology, 11(6), str. 1-13
Charles, L.E., Burchfiel, C.M., Violanti, J.M., Fekedulegn, D., Slaven, J.E., Browne, R.W., Hartley, T.A., Andrew, M.E. (2008) Adiposity Measures and Oxidative Stress Among Police Officers. Obesity, 16(11): 2489-2497
Dimitrijević, R., Umičević, D., Dopsaj, M. (2013) Morphological model of female members of the Communal Police of Belgrade. Glasnik Antropološkog društva Srbije, br. 48, str. 97-106
Donadussi, C., Oliveira, A.F., Fatel, E.C.de S., Dichi, J.B., Dichi, I. (2009) Ingestão de lipídios na dieta e indicadores antropométricos de adiposidade em policiais militares. Revista de Nutrição, 22(6): 847-855
Dopsaj, M., Nešić, G., Koropanovski, N., Sikimić, M. (2009) Antropomorfološki profil studentkinja KPA i različito treniranih sportistkinja - multicentriodni model. Nauka, bezbednost, policija, vol. 14, br. 1, str. 145-160
Dopsaj, M., Vuković, M. (2015) Prevalence of the body mass index (BMI) among the members of the Ministry of Interior of the Republic of Serbia: Pilot study. Bezbednost, Beograd, vol. 57, br. 3, str. 28-48
Goodpaster, B.H., Park, S.W., Harris, T.B., Kritchevsky, S.B., Nevitt, M., Schwartz, A.V., Simonsick, E.M., Tylavsky, F.A., Visser, M., Newman, A.B., Study, for the H.A. (2006) The Loss of Skeletal Muscle Strength, Mass, and Quality in Older Adults: The Health, Aging and Body Composition Study. Journals of Gerontology Series A: Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences, 61(10): 1059-1064
Gu, J.K., Charles, L.E., Burchfiel, C.M., Fekedulegn, D., Sarkisian, K., Andrew, M.E., Ma, C., Violanti, J.M. (2012) Long Work Hours and Adiposity Among Police Officers in a US Northeast City. Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, 54(11): 1374-1381
Hair, J., Anderson, R., Tatham, R., Black, W. (1998) Multivariate Data Analysis. New Jersey: Prentice Hall, 5th ed
Hughes, V. (2002) Longitudinal changes in body composition in older men and women: Role of body weight change and physical activity. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 76, volume 2, 473-481
Janssen, I., Heymsfield, S.B., Wang, Z.M., Ross, R. (2000) Skeletal muscle mass and distribution in 468 men and women aged 18-88 yr. Journal of applied physiology, 89(1): 81-8
Janssen, I., Heymsfield, S., Baumgartner, R., Ross, R. (2000) Estimation of skeletal muscle mass by bioelectrical impedance analysis. Journal of Applied Physiology, 89, volume 2, 465-471
Janssen, I., Heymsfield, S.B., Ross, R. (2002) Low Relative Skeletal Muscle Mass (Sarcopenia) in Older Persons Is Associated with Functional Impairment and Physical Disability. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, 50(5): 889-896
Lamarche, B. (1993) Effects of Diet and Physical Activity on Adiposity and Body Fat Distribution: Implications for the Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease. Nutrition Research Reviews, 6(01): 137
Rakić, S., Marković, M., Dopsaj, M., Mlađan, D., Subošić, D. (2013) Initial model of men's muscle structure indicators defined by the method of multichannel bioelectrical impedance. Facta universitatis - series: Physical Education and Sport, vol. 11, br. 1, str. 23-33
Silva, F.C.D., Hernandez, S.S.S., Gonçalves, E., Arancibia, B.A.V., Castro, T.L.D.S., Silva, R.D. (2014) Anthropometric indicators of obesity in policemen: A systematic review of observational studies. International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health, 27(6): 891-901
Sorensen, L., Smolander, J., Louhevaara, V., Korhonene, O., Oja, P. (2000) Physical activity, fitness and body composition of Finnish police officers: A 15-year follow-up study. Occupational Medicine, 50(1), str. 3-10
Spitler, D.L., Jones, G., Hawkins, J., Dudka, L. (1987) Body composition and physiological characteristics of law enforcement officers. British Journal of Sports Medicine, 21(4): 154-157
Stevens, J.C. (1998) The effect of age on the association between body-mass index and mortality. New England Journal of Medicine, 338 vol 1, 1-7
Violanti, J.M., Fekedulegn, D., Charls, L.E., Hartley, T.A. (2011) Burchfiel, CM; Adiposity in policing: Mental health consequences. International Journal of Mental health, 13, volume 4, 257-266
Violanti, J.M., Burchfiel, C.M., Miller, D.B., Andrew, M.E., Dorn, J., Wactawski-Wende, J., Beighley, C.M., Pierino, K., Joseph, P.N., Vena, J.E., Sharp, D.S., Trevisan, M. (2006) The Buffalo Cardio-Metabolic Occupational Police Stress (BCOPS) Pilot Study: Methods and Participant Characteristics. Annals of Epidemiology, 16(2): 148-156
Wannamethee, A., Shaper, G., Morris, R., Whincup, P. (2005) Measures of adiposity in the identification of metabolic abnormalities in elderly men. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 81, volume 5, 1313-1321
World Health Organisation (2016) http://apps.who.int/bmi/in-dex.jsp?introPage=intro_3.html, (25.09.2016)
Zorec, B. (2016) Anthropometric characteristics in police officers. https://www.fvv.um.si/varstvoslovje/articles/zorec_vs_2008-4_ang.pdf, (05.10.2016)