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2019, vol. 64, br. 3, str. 303-317
Kakav uticaj korišćenje kukuruza tolerantnog na sušu za Afriku ima na prinos i status siromaštva poljoprivrednika u sušnom području Nigerije?
aUniversity of Ibadan, Department of Agricultural Economics, Ibadan, Nigeria
bInternational Institute of Tropical Agriculture (IITA), Ibadan, Nigeria

e-adresajkemmyade@yahoo.co.uk
Ključne reči: DTMA; siromaštvo; Sudanska savana; metoda uparivanja prema srodnosti; severozapadna Nigerija
Sažetak
Proizvodnja kukuruza u Nigeriji nije uspela sa zadovolji potrebe ljudi usled suše, niske produktivnosti i nedostatka pristupa poljoprivrednika poboljšanim varijetetima. Povećani poljoprivredni prinos je moguće sredstvo za povećanje prihoda domaćinstva, s ciljem da se smanji siromaštvo nosilaca malih poljoprivrednih gazdinstava. Ovim istraživanjem se procenjuje uticaj kukuruza tolerantnog na sušu za Afriku (engl. Drought-Tolerant Maize for Africa - DTMA) na prinos i na status siromaštva poljoprivrednika u severozapadnom području Nigerije. U istraživanju su korišćeni podaci iz Ankete u vezi sa korišćenjem kukuruza tolerantnog na sušu za Afriku, koju je sproveo Međunarodni institut za tropsku poljoprivredu u Ibadanu, sa 293 ispitanika iz severoistočne Nigerije (90 onih koji su koristili i 203 onih koji nisu koristili DTMA). Podaci su analizirani korišćenjem deskriptivne statistike, binarne regresije i metode uparivanja prema srodnosti. Rezultati su pokazali da je verovatnije da će nosioci malih gazdinstava pre usvojiti DTMA nego veća gazdinstva. Korisnici su imali povećanje prinosa DTMA od 9.262,77 kg/ha dok su oni koji nisu koristili DTMA imali povećanje od 3.807,74 kg/ha. Korišćenje DTMA smanjilo je verovatnoću siromaštva za 60% za posmatranu grupu, dok je učestalost siromaštva smanjena za 35% među onima koji nisu bili korisnici. Opšti je zaključak da je program korišćenja DTMA poboljšao prinos kukuruza i smanjio učestalost siromaštva među poljoprivrednim gazdinstvima.
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O članku

jezik rada: engleski
vrsta rada: izvorni naučni članak
DOI: 10.2298/JAS1903303O
objavljen u SCIndeksu: 09.11.2019.
metod recenzije: dvostruko anoniman
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