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Psihološka istraživanja
2017, vol. 20, br. 1, str. 171-193
jezik rada: engleski
vrsta rada: izvorni naučni članak
objavljeno: 13/11/2017
doi: 10.5937/PsIstra1701171J
Creative Commons License 4.0
Effectiveness of individualised support measures in the dropout prevention model (DPM) in Serbian schools
(naslov ne postoji na srpskom)
aCentar za obrazovne politike, Beograd
bUNICEF Srbija

e-adresa: vjovanovic@cep.edu.rs

Sažetak

Cilj ovog rada je procena efektivnosti individualnih mera podrške u okviru Modela za sprečavanje osipanja učenika (MSO), nakon dve godine njegovog sprovođenja u 10 pilot škola u sedam najugroženijih opština u Srbiji. U okviru identifikacije učenika u riziku od osipanja u okviru MSO-a, izračunat je indeks rizika od osipanja za svakog učenika (IR) a potom su razvijani individualni planovi prevencije osipanja (IPPO) kao sredstvo za održivo planiranje i pružanje podrške učenicima pod rizikom. Uzorak je činilo 450 učenika sa IPPO od ukupno 5884 učenika za koje je procenjivan IR. Evaluacija individualnih mera podrške je sprovedena kroz kvazieksperimentalni dizajn, sa merenjima u različitim vremenskim tačkama, kao i kroz kvalitativnu analizu strukturnih aspekata IPPO-ova koja je ispitivala odnos vrste mera podrške, faktora rizika koji deluju na učenika, IR i ključnih indikatora. Rezultati pokazuju željene efekte individualizovanih mera podrške na sprečavanje osipanja. Instrument za identifikaciju učenika pod rizikom od osipanja, pokazao je visoku osetljivost za učenike pod veoma visokim rizikom od osipanja. Samo 5% učenika pod veoma visokim rizikom od osipanja za koje je razvijan IPPO, napustio je školu tokom dve godine realizacije MSO. Dalja analiza odnosa između različitih vrsti mera podrške u okviru IPPO pokazala je zadovoljavajuću prilagođenost ovih mera različitim vrstama faktora rizika. Škole su pokazale da imaju kapacitete da preventivno deluju i smanje uticaj faktora rizika iz neposrednog okruženja učenika, kao što je to izraženo siromaštvo. Predstavljeni rezultati podržavaju dalje širenje IPPO-ova u okviru MSO ka drugim školama u našem obrazovnom sistemu.

Ključne reči

sprečavanje osipanja; faktori rizika od osipanja; mere individualne podrške; individualni planovi prevencije osipanja; pravednost

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