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Psihološka istraživanja
2016, vol. 19, br. 1, str. 5-22
jezik rada: srpski
vrsta rada: izvorni naučni članak
objavljeno: 15/07/2016
doi: 10.5937/PsIstra1601005K
Creative Commons License 4.0
Relacije kvaliteta prijateljskih odnosa i obrazaca afektivne vezanosti u adolescentskom periodu
Univerzitet u Novom Sadu, Filozofski fakultet

e-adresa: nikolinakuruzovic@gmail.com

Sažetak

Rad se bavi relacijama između kvaliteta prijateljstva i kvaliteta afektivne vezanosti u uzrastu adolescenata. Razmatrano je pitanje razlika izmedju ispitanika različitih obrazaca afektivne vezanosti u kvalitetu njihovih prijateljskih odnosa, kako na individualnom, tako i na dijadičkom nivou ispitivanja. Pored toga, razmatrana je i prediktivna značajnost afektivne vezanosti kada je u pitanju kvalitet prijateljstva. Istraživanje je obuhvatilo 425 ispitanika oba pola, učenika prvih razreda srednjih škola, uzrasta od 14 do 17 godina.Korišćeni su sledeći merni instrumenti: Upitnik kvaliteta prijateljstva, koji je kreiran za potrebe ovog istraživanja, a koji procenjuje sledeće dimenzije: afekcija, intima, druženje i konflikti u prijateljstvu i Upitnik za procenu-obrazaca afektivne vezanosti-UPIPAV (Nataša Hanak). Rezultati ukazuju na to da se ispitanici sigurnih i nesigurnih obrazaca afektivne vezanosti međusobno značajno razlikuju na svim dimenzijama kvaliteta prijateljstva. Sigurni ispitanici imaju viši nivo afekcije, druženja, intime i konflikata u odnosu na nesigurne ispitanike. Izuzetak su bojažljivo vezani ispitanici koji imaju sličan nivo afekcije u prijateljstvu, kao i sigurni ispitanici. Kada se navedene razlike posmatraju na dijadičkom nivou, situacija je slična: parovi prijatelja siguran-siguran na svim dimenzijama prijateljstva imaju više skorove u odnosu na parove nesiguran-nesiguran. Regresionom analizom ustanovljeno je da afektivna vezanoststatistički značajno doprinosi objašnjenju svih dimenzija prijateljstva. Najsnažniji pojedinačni doprinos objašnjenju svih dimenzija kvaliteta prijateljstva ima sigurni obrazac afektivne vezanosti. Rezultati su prodiskutovani u okviru postavki teorije afektivne vezanosti.

Ključne reči

adolescencija; kvalitet prijateljskih odnosa; obrasci afektivne vezanosti

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