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Engrami
2013, vol. 35, br. 1-2, str. 51-61
jezik rada: srpski
vrsta rada: originalan članak
objavljeno: 04/07/2016
Emocionalni i bihevioralni problemi kod adolescenata u odnosu na upotrebu nedozvoljenih droga
aUniverzitet u Sarajevu, Filozofski fakultet, Federacija BiH
bKlinički centar Univerziteta Sarajevo, Federacija BiH

e-adresa: nina_hasanbegovic@yahoo.com

Sažetak

Uvod. Upotreba i zloupotreba različitih droga predstavlja jedno od najčešćih rizičnih ponašanja u populaciji adolescenata. Adolescenti koji koriste droge mogu ispoljavati širok spektar emocionalnih i bihevioralnih problema, od kojih su najzastupljeniji anksioznost, depresivnost, deficit pažnje, agresivno i delinkventno ponašanje. Navedeni psihički problemi mogu se javiti i kao pridruženi problemi i kao faktori rizika, a takođe mogu predstavljati i posledice upotrebe, posebno zloupotrebe droga. Cilj rada. Cilj istraživanja je utvrđivanje razlika u nivou emocionalnih i bihevioralnih problema kod adolescenata u odnosu na upotrebu nedozvoljenih droga. Metod rada. Istraživanje je sprovedeno na uzorku učenika trećih i četvrtih razreda (N=490) iz pet sarajevskih srednjih škola, prosečne dobi M=18.34 (SD=0.74). Podaci su prikupljeni primenom Upitnika o upotrebi psihoaktivnih supstanci i Skale samoprocene mladih koja predstavlja sastavni dio Achenbach-ovog empirijski izvedenog i dimenzionalno koncipiranog sistema klasifikacije mentalnih poremećaja kod dece i adolescenata, pri čemu su korišćene mere dobijene na sindromskim skalama (anksioznost/depresivnost, depresivno povlačenje, somatske žalbe, socijalni problemi, problemi mišljenja, problemi pažnje, kršenje pravila, agresivno ponašanje) i dva šira faktora (eksternalizirani i internalizirani problemi). Rezultati. Prema rezultatima Mann-Whitney U testa utvrđeno je da adolescenti koji upotrebljavaju nedozovljene droge izveštavaju značajno veći nivo somatskih žalbi (Z=-2.433, p<0.05), problema mišljenja (Z=-5.552, p<0.01), problema pažnje (Z=-2.880, p<0.01), kršenja pravila (Z=-8.534, p<0.01), agresivnog ponašanja (Z=-6.199, p<0.01), internaliziranih problema (Z=-2.163, p<0.05) i eksternaliziranih problema (Z=-7.959, p<0.01), dok za nivo prisutnosti anksioznosti/depresivnosti, depresivnog povlačenja i socijalnih problema nisu dobijene statistički značajne razlike. Zaključak. Dobijeni rezultati potvrđuju rezultate prethodnih istraživanja koji sugerišu da emocionalni i bihevioralni problemi predstavljaju važan deo sklopa psihološkog profila adolescenata koji upotrebljavaju nedozvoljene droge, što ima praktične implikacije za planiranje i sprovođenje preventivnih i intervencijskih programa.

Ključne reči

upotreba nedozvoljenih droga; emocionalni i bihevioralni problemi; adolescencija

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