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Sociološki pregled
2013, vol. 47, br. 4, str. 575-595
jezik rada: srpski
vrsta rada: izvorni naučni članak
objavljeno: 24/03/2014
doi: 10.5937/socpreg1304575V
Psihopatologija roditelja kao faktor rizika u porodicama maloljetnih delinkvenata i psihijatrijski liječenih adolescenata
Filozofski Fakultet, Nikšić, Univerzitet Crne Gore

Sažetak

Rad se bavi ispitivanjem strukturalnih razlika između maloljetnih delinkvenata i psihijatrijski liječenih adolescenata u vrsti i intenzitetu ispoljavanja psihopatologije roditelja kao faktora za nastanak ovih problema. Istraživanjem je obuhvaćeno ukupno 300 ispitanika starosne dobi od 15 do 18 godina. Ispitanici eksperimentalne i kontrolne su percipirali vrste i intenzitet ispoljavanja psihopatoloških pojava na specijalno konstruisanom upitniku. Da bi smo utvrdili koje psihopatološke pojave diferenciraju maloljetne delinkvente od adolescenata sa problemima psihološke prirode, skalu koja je obuhvatala 11. varijabli iz upitnika podvrgli smo najprije jednofaktorskoj analizi varijanse, a zatim kanoničkoj diskriminativnoj analizi. Dobijeni rezultati su pokazali da maloljetni delinkventi od adolescenata psihološke prirode razlikuju po tome što znatno češće imaju heroinskog zavisnika među članovima porodice, znatno češće imaju roditelje koji su skloni zloupotrebi psihoaktivnih supstanci, a zatim po tome što značajno češće imaju majke koje su sklone učestalijem korišćenju alkohola. Dobijeni rezultati govore da ovi faktori povećavaju vjerovatnoću javljanja delinkventnog ponašanja, ali nisu isključivi uzroci javljanja delinkventnog ponašanja.

Ključne reči

maloljetni delinkventi; adolescenti sa problemima psihološke prirode; psihopatologija roditelja; adolescencija; depresija; alkoholizam

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