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Medicinski pregled
2017, vol. 70, br. 3-4, str. 87-94
jezik rada: engleski
vrsta rada: izvorni naučni članak
doi:10.2298/MPNS1704087S


Telesna kompozicija članova atletske reprezentacije Srbije
aUniverzitet u Novom Sadu, Fakultet fizičke kulture
bUniversity of Novi Sad, Faculty of Medicine, Novi Sad, Department of Internal Medicine + Clinical Center of Vojvodina, Novi Sad, Clinic of Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolic Diseases

e-adresa: anitasolaja@yahoo.com

Sažetak

Uvod. Performanse u atletici su pod uticajem različitih antropometrijskih faktora kao i faktora u trenažnom procesu. Kao najvažniji faktor uspešnosti u trčanju, pored brzine trčanja tokom trenažnog procesa, izolovao se procenat masne mase u organizmu. Materijal i metode. Istraživanje je realizovano na 61 ispitaniku, članovima seniorske nacionalne atletske selekcije. Izmereno je 9 morfoloških karakteristika i izračunati su suma kožnih nabora, telesni denzitet, procenat masne mase i indeks telesne mase. Rezultati. One-way ANOVA je pokazala statističku značajnost između visine (F = 2,97; p = 0.03), mase (F = 7; p = 0.00), sume kožnih nabora (F = 4,30; p = 0.01), telesnog denziteta (F = 4,09; p = 0.01), procenta masne mase (F = 4,02; p = 0.01) kao i indeksa telesne mase (F = 3,86; p = 0.01) i disciplina kod atletičara. Kod atletičarki je utvrđena statistički značajna razlika između visine (F = 3,54; p = 0.03), mase (F = 3,70; p = 0.03), indeksa telesne mase (F = 5,40; p = 0.01) i disciplina. Od svih disciplina, procenat telesne masti je najveći kod bacača (10,10 ± 3,61) i sprinterki (15,82 ± 3,06). Zaključak. Kako je kod atletičara i atletičarki nacionalne selekcije, utvrđena veća suma kožnih nabora u odnosu na vrhunske atletičarke drugih, uspešnijih nacionalnih selekcija, uz odgovarajuću edukaciju trenera i atletičara, ali i korišćenjem drugih, preciznijih metoda procene kompozicije tela, moguće je povećati gubitke telesnih masti u organizmu i indirektno poboljšati učinak na terenu.

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