Article metrics

  • citations in SCindeks: 0
  • citations in CrossRef:0
  • citations in Google Scholar:[=>]
  • visits in previous 30 days:19
  • full-text downloads in 30 days:8
article: 2 from 42  
Back back to result list
Acta Facultatis Medicae Naissensis
2018, vol. 35, iss. 3, pp. 201-215
article language: English
document type: Original Scientific Paper
published on: 25/10/2018
doi: 10.2478/afmnai-2018-0022
Creative Commons License 4.0
The impact of resistance training program on the muscle strength and bone density in adolescent athletes
aUniveristy of Niš, Faculty of Sport and Physical Education
bUniveristy of Niš, Faculty of Medicine
cSrednjoškolski centar Prijedor, Prijedor, Republika Srpska, Bosna i Hercegovina
dUniversity of Belgrade, Faculty of Medicine
eUniversity of Novi Sad, Faculty of Sport and Physical Education
fUniversity of Kragujevac, Teacher Training Faculty, Užice

e-mail: bubanjsasa@yahoo.co.uk

Project

The difference and the influence of the maximum muscle strenght on the bone mineral density between sportsmen and non sportsmen in high schools (MESTD - 179024)

Abstract

Strength training and other modes of physical activity may be beneficial in osteoporosis prevention by maximizing bone mineral accrual in childhood and adolescence. This study focuses on the impact of the ninemonth long program of resistant exercises with different level of external loads (low, middle and high) on the lower limbs explosive strength and bone tissue density in athletes adolescents aged 17 to 18 years. Sixty healthy, male athletes and non-athletes, divided into experimental (ES, sprinters, N = 45) and control sub-sample (CS, nonathletes, N = 15), were included in study. ES examinees (EG1, EG2 and EG3) were subjected to the program of resistance exercises with low level (60% of the One Repetition Maximum-1RM), middle level (70% 1RM), and high level (85% 1RM) of external loads, respectively. Bone Density values were determined by the use of a clinical sonometer 'Sahara' (Hologic, Inc., MA 02154, USA). Explosive strength values of hip extensors and flexors, knee extensors and flexors, and ankle plantar and dorsiflexors were determined by the use of accelerometer 'Myotest' (Sion, Switzerland) and the means of Counter Movement Jump without arms swing (CMJ) and half squat. ANOVA method for repeated measures and ANCOVA method were used to determine significant differences and resistance program effects on the lower limbs explosive strength and bone tissue density. Resistance exercise does impact the explosive strength and bone parameters in a way to increase half squat 1RM values, but decreases CMJ values, and increases speed of sound (SOS), broadband ultrasound attenuation (BUA) and bone mineral density (BMD) values in athletes-adolescents, aged 17-18 years.

Keywords

References

Ackerman, K.E., Putman, M., Guereca, G., Taylor, A.P., Pierce, L., Herzog, D.B., Klibanski, A., Bouxsein, M., Misra, M. (2012) Cortical microstructure and estimated bone strength in young amenorrheic athletes, eumenorrheic athletes and non-athletes. Bone, 51(4): 680-687
Armstrong, N., McManus, A.M. (2010) Physiology of Elite Young Male Athletes. Basel: S. Karger AG, str. 1-22
Astrand, P.O., Rodahl, K. (1986) Textbook of work physiology: Physiological bases of exercise. New York: McGraw-Hill
Duthie, G., Young, W., Aitken, D. (2002) The acute effect of heavy loads on jump squat performance: An evuluation of the complex training and contrast methods of power development. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 16(4), 530-538
Engebretsen, L., Steffen, K., Bahr, R., Broderick, C., Dvorak, J., Janarv, P.-M., Johnson, A., Leglise, M., Mamisch, T. C., McKay, D., Micheli, L., Schamasch, P., Singh, G. D., Stafford, D. E. J., Steen, H. (2010) The International Olympic Committee Consensus Statement on age determination in high-level young athletes. British Journal of Sports Medicine, 44(7): 476-484
Faigenbaum, A.D. (2007) State of the art reviews: Resistance training for children and adolescents: are there health outcomes?. American Journal of Lifestyle Medicine, 1(3): 190
Faigenbaum, A.D., Kraemer, W.J., Blimkie, C.J.R., Jeffreys, I., Micheli, L.J., Nitka, M., Rowland, T.W. (2009) Youth Resistance Training: Updated Position Statement Paper From the National Strength and Conditioning Association. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 23: S60-S79
Falk, B., Braid, S., Moore, M., Yao, M., Sullivan, P., Klentrou, N. (2010) Bone properties in child and adolescent male hockey and soccer players. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport, 13(4): 387-391
Ferry, B., Duclos, M., Burt, L., Therre, P., Le, G.F., Jaffré, C., Courteix, D. (2011) Bone geometry and strength adaptations to physical constraints inherent in different sports: comparison between elite female soccer players and swimmers. Journal of Bone and Mineral Metabolism, 29(3): 342-351
Frost, H. M. (1987) Bone ?mass? and the ?mechanostat?: A proposal. Anatomical Record, 219(1): 1-9
Going, S.B., Laudermilk, M. (2009) Osteoporosis and Strength Training. American Journal of Lifestyle Medicine, 3(4): 310-319
Gómez-Bruton, A., González-Agüero, A., Gómez-Cabello, A.J.A., i dr. (2015) The effects of swimming training on bone tissue in adolescence. Scand J Med Sci Sports, 25: e589-602
Hinton, P.S., Nigh, P., Thyfault, J. (2015) Effectiveness of resistance training or jumping-exercise to increase bone mineral density in men with low bone mass: A 12-month randomized, clinical trial. Bone, 79: 203-212
Korpelainen, R., Keinänen-Kiukaanniemi, S., Heikkinen, J., Väänänen, K., Korpelainen, J. (2006) Effect of impact exercise on bone mineral density in elderly women with low BMD: A population-based randomized controlled 30-month intervention. Osteoporosis international, 17(1): 109-18
Kostek, M.C., Delmonico, M.J., Reichel, J.B., Roth, S.M., Douglass, L., Ferrell, R.E., Hurley, B.F. (2005) Muscle strength response to strength training is influenced by insulin-like growth factor 1 genotype in older adults. Journal of Applied Physiology, 98(6): 2147-2154
Langsetmo, L., Hitchcock, C.L., Kingwell, E.J., Davison, K.S., Berger, C., Forsmo, S., Zhou, W., Kreiger, N., Prior, J.C. (2012) Physical activity, body mass index and bone mineral density-associations in a prospective population-based cohort of women and men: The Canadian Multicentre Osteoporosis Study (CaMos). Bone, 50(1): 401-408
Lesinski, M., Prieske, O., Granacher, U. (2016) Effects and dose-response relationships of resistance training on physical performance in youth athletes: a systematic review and meta-analysis. British Journal of Sports Medicine, 50(13): 781-795
Loyd, R.S., Faigenbaum, A.D., Stone, M.H., i dr. Position statement on youth resistance training: the 2014 International Consensus. Br J Sports Med., 48: 498-505
Maïmoun, L., Sultan, C. (2011) Effects of physical activity on bone remodeling. Metabolism, 60(3): 373-388
Markovic, G., Jaric, S. (2007) Is vertical jump height a body size-independent measure of muscle power?. Journal of Sports Sciences, 25(12): 1355-1363
McManus, A.M., Armstrong, N. (2010) Physiology of Elite Young Female Athletes. Basel: S. Karger AG, str. 23-46
Nemet, D., Oh, Y., Kim, H.-S., Hill, M., Cooper, D. M. (2002) Effect of Intense Exercise on Inflammatory Cytokines and Growth Mediators in Adolescent Boys. Pediatrics, 110(4): 681-689
Nilsson, M., Ohlsson, C., Sundh, D., Mellström, D., Lorentzon, M. (2010) Association of Physical Activity with Trabecular Microstructure and Cortical Bone at Distal Tibia and Radius in Young Adult Men. Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism, 95(6): 2917-2926
Nilsson, M., Ohlsson, C., Mellström, D., Lorentzon, M. (2013) Sport-specific association between exercise loading and the density, geometry, and microstructure of weight-bearing bone in young adult men. Osteoporosis International, 24(5): 1613-1622
Noakes, T.D. (1988) Implications of exercise testing for prediction of athletic performance: a contemporary perspective. Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise, 20(4): 319-330
Obradović, B., Bubanj, S., Stanković, R., Dimić, A., Bubanj, R., Bubanj, M., Bojanić, V., Perić, S. (2010) Calcaneal mineral density in children athletes and take-off leg. Acta medica Medianae, vol. 49, br. 2, str. 25-28
Pallant, J. (2007) SPSS survival manual. Allen & Unwin, Third Edition
Papaefthymiou, M.A., Bakoula, C., Sarra, A., Papassotiriou, I., Chrousos, G.P., Bacopoulou, F. (2014) Influence of hormonal parameters, bone mineral density and bone turnover on fracture risk in healthy male adolescents: a case control study. Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology and Metabolism, 27(7-8):
Pigozzi, F., Rizzo, M., Giombini, A., i dr. (2009) Bone mineral density and sport: effect of physical activity. J Sports Med Phys Fitness, 49: 177-83
Ribeiro-dos-Santos, M.R., Lynch, K.R., Agostinete, R.R., Maillane-Vanegas, S., Turi-Lynch, B., Ito, I.H., Luiz-de-Marco, R., Rodrigues-Junior, M.A., Fernandes, R.A. (2016) Prolonged Practice of Swimming Is Negatively Related to Bone Mineral Density Gains in Adolescents. Journal of Bone Metabolism, 23(3): 149
Sander, A., Keiner, M., Wirth, K., Schmidtbleicher, D. (2013) Influence of a 2-year strength training programme on power performance in elite youth soccer players. European Journal of Sport Science, 13(5): 445-451
Seabra, A., Marques, E., Brito, J., Krustrup, P., Abreu, S., Oliveira, J., Rêgo, C., Mota, J., Rebelo, A. (2012) Muscle strength and soccer practice as major determinants of bone mineral density in adolescents. Joint Bone Spine, 79(4): 403-408
Stracciolini, A., Myer, G.D., Faigenbaum, A.D. (2016) Resistance training for young female athletes. in: The young female athlete, Springer International Publishing, https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-21632-4_3
Tan, V.P., Macdonald, H.M., Kim, S., Nettlefold, L., Gabel, L., Ashe, M.C., McKay, H.A. (2014) Influence of Physical Activity on Bone Strength in Children and Adolescents: A Systematic Review and Narrative Synthesis. Journal of Bone and Mineral Research, 29(10): 2161-2181
Vainionpää, A., Korpelainen, R., Vihriälä, E., Rinta-Paavola, A., Leppäluoto, J., Jämsä, T. (2006) Intensity of exercise is associated with bone density change in premenopausal women. Osteoporosis International, 17(3): 455-463
Wilson, J.M., Loenneke, J.P., Jo, E., Wilson, G.J., Zourdos, M.C., Kim, J. (2012) The Effects of Endurance, Strength, and Power Training on Muscle Fiber Type Shifting. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 26(6): 1724-1729
Yung, P.S., Lai, Y.M., Tung, P.Y., Tsui, H.T., Wong, C.K., Hung, V.W.Y., Qin, L. (2005) Effects of weight bearing and non-weight bearing exercises on bone properties using calcaneal quantitative ultrasound. British journal of sports medicine, 39(8): 547-51
Zatsiorsky, V.M., Kraemer, W.J. (2006) Science and practice of strength training. Human Kinetics
Živković, N., Stojanović, S. (2014) Osteomalacia or Osteoporosis - Case Report / Osteomalacija Ili Osteoporoza - Prikaz Slučaja. Acta Facultatis Medicae Naissensis, 31(4): 268-272